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We carried out three-dimensional simulations, with about 1.4 × 10 6 particles , of phase segregation in a low density binary fluid mixture, described mesoscopically by energy and momentum conserving Boltzmann-Vlasov equations. Using a combination of Direct Simulation Monte Carlo(DSMC) for the short range collisions and a version of Particle-In-Cell(PIC)(More)
We have used x-ray diffraction to determine the structure factor of water along its melting line to a static pressure of 57 GPa (570 kbar) and a temperature of more than 1500 K, conditions which correspond to the lower mantle of the Earth, and the interiors of Neptune and Uranus up to a depth of 7000 km. We have also performed corresponding first principles(More)
We consider the phase separation of binary fluids in contact with a surface, which is preferentially wetted by one of the components of the mixture. We review the results available for this problem and present numerical results obtained using a mesoscopic level simulation technique for the three-dimensional problem.
We study the evolution of a two component fluid consisting of " blue " and " red " particles which interact via strong short range (hard core) and weak long range pair potentials. At low temperatures the equilibrium state of the system is one in which there are two coexisting phases. Under suitable choices of space-time scal-ings and system parameters we(More)
Starting with the Vlasov-Boltzmann equation for a binary fluid mixture, we derive an equation for the velocity field u when the system is segregated into two phases (at low temperatures) with a sharp interface between them. u satisfies the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations together with a jump boundary condition for the pressure across the interface(More)
We present in situ observations of hydrocarbon formation via carbonate reduction at upper mantle pressures and temperatures. Methane was formed from FeO, CaCO(3)-calcite, and water at pressures between 5 and 11 GPa and temperatures ranging from 500 degrees C to 1,500 degrees C. The results are shown to be consistent with multiphase thermodynamic(More)
Water is known to exhibit fascinating physical properties at high pressure and temperature. Its remarkable structural and phase complexities suggest the possibility of exotic chemical reactivity under extreme conditions, although this remains largely unstudied. Detonations of high explosives containing oxygen and hydrogen produce water at thousands of(More)
In a recent Letter, Kumar et al. [1] introduced a model for heat conduction in nanofluids (liquid suspensions of nanosized particles) that was capable of describing experimental results on thermal conductivity of nanofluids. The model was built in two steps. In the first step, a static problem (immobile particles) was considered in which the total heat flux(More)
We introduce an exact algorithm to calculate the distribution of large low energy clusters (droplets) in disordered manifolds and disordered magnets, and we analyze the extent to which these clusters can be treated as independent two-level systems. We show that interfaces in randomly diluted networks always have broad droplet distributions, while diluted(More)