Sorin Armeanu

Learn More
Natural killer (NK) cells as components of the innate immunity substantially contribute to antitumor immune responses. However, the tumor-associated ligands engaging activating NK cell receptors are largely unknown. An exception are the MHC class I chain-related molecules MICA and MICB and the UL16-binding proteins (ULBP) which bind to the activating(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) displays a striking resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs or innovative tumor cell apoptosis-inducing agents such as tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Recently, we found 2 histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDAC-I), valproic acid and ITF2357, exhibiting inherent therapeutic activity against HCC. In(More)
Treatment by gene replacement is critical in the field of gene therapy. Suitable vectors for the delivery of therapeutic genes have to be generated and tested in preclinical settings. Recently, extraordinary features for a local gene delivery by Sendai virus vectors (SeVV) have been reported for different tissues. Here we show that direct intravenous(More)
BACKGROUND Innovative epigenetic therapeutics comprise histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDAC-I) and demethylating agents (DA). It was recently found that HDAC-I compounds exhibit profound therapeutic activities against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A comprehensive preclinical investigation was performed on the potential of a combined HDAC-I/DA epigenetic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Due to a particular resistance against conventional chemotherapeutics, palliative treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) is highly ineffective. Recent demonstration of both proliferation-inhibition and apoptosis of hepatoma cells by a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDAC-I) treatment opens up a promising new approach. However, little is(More)
Limited treatment results in advanced pediatric liver tumors have emphasised the need for alternative treatment approaches in these malignancies. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proposed as promising treatment approach in various malignancies. Hypericin, a naturally occurring substance found in the St. John's Wort, has regularly and successfully been(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of catalytically superior gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy systems on a rat hepatoma model. METHODS To increase hepatoma cell chemosensitivity for the prodrug 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), we generated a chimeric bifunctional SuperCD suicide gene, a fusion of the yeast cytosine deaminase (YCD) and the yeast uracil(More)
Ligands of the tumor necrosis factor family play key roles in liver pathogenesis. The ligand tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is unique, because it is thought to be nontoxic to normal cells while killing a broad range of tumor cells. However, hepatocellular carcinoma is considered resistant to soluble TRAIL treatment.(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the outcome of Wilms' tumor patients with primary lung metastases. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Radiotherapy and/or surgery are used for local control of primary pulmonary Wilms' tumor metastases. A widely accepted treatment standardization is still lacking. METHODS Data for 210 patients with Wilms' tumor and primary lung metastases from(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) displays particular resistance to conventional cytostatic agents. Alternative treatment strategies focus on novel substances exhibiting antineoplastic and/or immunomodulatory activity enhancing for example natural killer (NK) cell antitumor reactivity. However, tumor-associated ligands engaging activating NK cell(More)