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Short-term synchrony was measured for pairs of motor units located within and across muscles activated during a task that mimicked precision grip in the dominant and nondominant hands of human subjects. Surprisingly, synchrony for pairs of motor units residing in separate muscles (flexor pollicis longus, a thumb muscle, and flexor digitorum profundus, an(More)
PURPOSE To determine if respiratory and laryngeal function during spontaneous speaking were different for teachers with voice disorders compared with teachers without voice problems. METHOD Eighteen teachers, 9 with and 9 without voice disorders, were included in this study. Respiratory function was measured with magnetometry, and laryngeal function was(More)
Functional neuroimaging has shown that multiple brain regions are active during volitional swallowing. Little is known, however, about which regions integrate motor execution and sensory feedback in the swallowing system. Although unilateral brain lesions in either hemisphere can produce swallowing deficits, some functional neuroimaging studies indicate(More)
Volitional swallowing in humans involves the coordination of both brainstem and cerebral swallowing control regions. Peripheral sensory inputs are necessary for safe and efficient swallowing, and their importance to the patterned components of swallowing has been demonstrated. However, the role of sensory inputs to the cerebral system during volitional(More)
Spectral- and cepstral-based acoustic measures are preferable to time-based measures for accurately representing dysphonic voices during continuous speech. Although these measures show promising relationships to perceptual voice quality ratings, less is known regarding their ability to differentiate normal from dysphonic voice during continuous speech and(More)
Adjustments to cricothyroid and thyroarytenoid muscle activation are critical to the control of fundamental frequency and aerodynamic aspects of vocal fold vibration in humans. The aerodynamic and physical effects of these muscles are not well understood and are difficult to study in vivo. Knowledge of the contributions of these two muscles is essential to(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the aerodynamic and acoustic features of speech produced at comfortable, maximal and minimal levels of vocal effort. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, quasi-experimental research design. METHOD Eighteen healthy participants with normal voice were included in this study. After task training, participants(More)
Lung disease caused by Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is increasing in prevalence. MAC disease occurs in patients with chronic preexisting obstructive pulmonary diseases but is also diagnosed in individuals with no history of lung pathology or identifiable immune defect. Histologically, the disease is characterized by either the development of nodular(More)
The effect of speaking context on four cepstral- and spectral-based acoustic measures was investigated in 20 participants with normal voice. Speakers produced three different continuous speaking tasks that varied in duration and phonemic content. Cepstral and spectral measures that can be validly derived from continuous speech were computed across the three(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of anchors and training on intrarater and inter-rater reliability for visual-perceptual, endoscopic tremor ratings. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort study. METHODS Nasoendoscopy recordings of 10 participants with a diagnosis of essential voice tremor were evaluated by five voice(More)