Soraya Mezouar

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The primary hemostatic function of platelets has been recognized for more than a century, but increasing experimental and clinical evidences suggest that platelets are also important mediators of cancer. Cancer indeed influences platelet physiology, and activated platelets participate in each step of cancer development by promoting tumor growth,(More)
Venous thromboembolism constitutes one of the main causes of death during the progression of a cancer. We previously demonstrated that tissue factor (TF)-bearing cancer cell-derived microparticles accumulate at the site of injury in mice developing a pancreatic cancer. The presence of these microparticles at the site of thrombosis correlates with the size(More)
Platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) represent the most abundant microparticle (MP) subtype. Their presence reflects platelet activity, physiopathology, and the thrombotic state of cancer patients. The quantity and composition of PMPs strictly depends on the way MPs were generated. Because platelets play a key role in cancer progression, as well as(More)
Cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) constitutes the second cause of death after cancer. Many risk factors for cancer-associated VTE have been identified, among them soluble tissue factor and microparticles (MPs). Few data are available about the implication of MPs in cancer associated-VTE through animal model of cancer. The objective of the(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play a major role in antiviral immunity via the production of type I interferons (IFNs). There is some evidence that pDCs interact with bacteria but it is not yet clear whether they are protective or contribute to bacterial pathogenicity. We wished to investigate whether Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q fever, interacts(More)
Aix Marseille Université, Campus Santé, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, Marseille, France. INSERM UMR-S1076, Faculty of Pharmacy, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille, France. Immune Disease Institute and Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children’s Hospital Boston; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, 3 Blackfan circle, Boston, MA(More)
Thrombosis is one of the major causes of human death worldwide. Identification of the cellular and molecular mechanisms leading to thrombus formation is thus crucial for the understanding of the thrombotic process. To examine thrombus formation in a living mouse, new technologies have been developed. Digital intravital microscopy allows to visualize the(More)
For a long time, blood coagulation and innate immunity have been viewed as interrelated responses. Recently, the presence of leukocytes at the sites of vessel injury has been described. Here we analyzed interaction of neutrophils, monocytes, and platelets in thrombus formation after a laser-induced injury in vivo. Neutrophils immediately adhered to injured(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of thrombotic complications such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) during tumor development is well known. Tumors release into the circulation procoagulant microparticles (MPs) that can participate in thrombus formation following vessel injury. The importance of this MP tissue factor (TF) in the initiation of cancer-associated DVT remains(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its metabolite, adenosine, are key regulators of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) functions. PMNs have recently been implicated in the initiation of thrombosis. We investigated the role of ATP and adenosine in PMN activation and recruitment at the site of endothelial injury. Following binding to the injured vessel wall,(More)