Learn More
CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBP) are critical determinants for cellular differentiation and cell type-specific gene expression. Their functional roles in osteoblast development have not been determined. We addressed a key component of the mechanisms by which C/EBP factors regulate transcription of a tissue-specific gene during osteoblast(More)
BMP2 signaling and RUNX2 regulatory pathways converge for transcriptional control of bone formation in vivo. SMAD proteins are recruited to RUNX2 regulatory complexes via an overlapping nuclear matrix targeting signal/Smad interacting domain sequence (391-432) in Runx2. To establish the contribution of RUNX2-SMAD interaction to osteoblastogenesis, we(More)
Two regulatory pathways, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)/transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) and the transcription factor RUNX2, are required for bone formation in vivo. Here we show the interdependent requirement of these pathways to induce an osteogenic program. A panel of Runx2 deletion and point mutants was used to examine RUNX2-SMAD(More)
Development of the osteoblast phenotype requires transcriptional mechanisms that regulate induction of a program of temporally expressed genes. Key components of gene activation, repression, and responsiveness to physiologic mediators require remodeling of the chromatin structure of a gene that renders promoter elements competent for the assembly of(More)
The Runx2/Cbfa1 transcription factor is a scaffolding protein that promotes osteoblast differentiation; however, the specific Runx2-functional domains required for induction of the osteogenic lineage remain to be identified. We approached this question using a TERT-immortalized cell line derived from calvaria of Runx2-null mice by reconstituting the(More)
p300 is a multifunctional transcriptional coactivator that serves as an adapter for several transcription factors including nuclear steroid hormone receptors. p300 possesses an intrinsic histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity that may be critical for promoting steroid-dependent transcriptional activation. In osteoblastic cells, transcription of the(More)
Synthesis of cartilage by chondrocytes is an obligatory step for endochondral ossification. Global deletion of the Runx2 gene results in complete failure of the ossification process, but the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms are not fully known. Here, we elucidated Runx2 regulatory control distinctive to chondrocyte and cartilage tissue by(More)
The architecturally associated subnuclear organization of nucleic acids and cognate regulatory factors suggest functional interrelationships between nuclear structure and gene expression. Mechanisms that contribute to the spatial distribution of transcription factors within the three-dimensional context of nuclear architecture control the sorting of(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) and Runx2 are key regulators of tissue-specific gene transcription. Using the bone-related osteocalcin (OC) gene, we have previously shown that Runx2 is required for the extensive chromatin remodeling that accompanies gene activation. Here, we have addressed the direct contribution of the VDR to chromatin remodeling events necessary(More)
1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3-mediated transcriptional control of the bone-specific osteocalcin (OC) gene requires the integration of regulatory signals at the vitamin D-responsive element (VDRE) and flanking tissue-specific sequences. The 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor (VDR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily and forms a heterodimeric(More)