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Constipation is a significant problem in patients taking morphine for cancer pain. The aims of this study were (1) to assess the magnitude of constipation in this study cohort, (2) to analyse the constipation treatment strategies and (3) to look for evidence of inter-individual variation in both susceptibility to constipation and response to treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Pain is a common symptom for patients with cancer, and opioids are the treatment of choice for moderate or severe cancer-related pain. Central side effects, such as drowsiness, confusion, and hallucinations, can limit the use of opioids in clinical practice. METHODS The authors prospectively recruited 228 cancer patients who received morphine.(More)
CONTEXT Morphine is the opioid of choice for cancer-related pain, but for many patients the benefits of morphine are outweighed by its side effect profile. Morphine is metabolized to morphine-3-glucuronide and morphine-6-glucuronide; however, little is known about the contribution of these metabolites to analgesia and morphine-related side effects. (More)
AIMS To present a statistical model for defining interindividual variation in response to morphine and to use this model in a preliminary hypothesis-generating multivariate genetic association study. METHODS Two hundred and sixty-four cancer patients taking oral morphine were included in a prospective observational study. Pain and morphine side-effect(More)
CONTEXT There is wide interindividual variation in response to morphine for cancer-related pain; 30% of patients do not have a good therapeutic outcome. Alternative opioids such as oxycodone are increasingly being used, and opioid switching has become common clinical practice. OBJECTIVES To compare clinical response to oral morphine vs. oral oxycodone(More)
Human experimental pain studies are of value to study basic pain mechanisms under controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate whether genetic variation across selected mu-, kappa- and delta-opioid receptor genes (OPRM1, OPRK1and OPRD1, respectively) influenced analgesic response to oxycodone in healthy volunteers. Experimental(More)
An individual's response to opioids is influenced by a complex combination of genetic, molecular and phenotypic factors.Intra- and inter-individual variations in response to mu opioids have led to the suggestion that mu-opioid receptor subtypes exist.Scientists have now proven that mu-opioid receptor subtypes exist and that they occur through a mechanism(More)
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