Sophie de Bentzmann

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Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is a pathogen implicated in several infant diarrhea or diarrheal outbreaks in areas of endemicity. Although multiple genes involved in EAEC pathogenesis have been identified, the overall mechanism of virulence is not well understood. Recently, a novel secretion system, called type VI secretion (T6S) system (T6SS),(More)
The human opportunistic pathogen Serratia marcescens is a bacterium with a broad host range, and represents a growing problem for public health. Serratia marcescens kills Caenorhabditis elegans after colonizing the nematode's intestine. We used C.elegans to screen a bank of transposon-induced S.marcescens mutants and isolated 23 clones with an attenuated(More)
Internalization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by epithelial respiratory cell lines has been suggested to be dependent on the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein. Because we have observed intracellular (IC) P. aeruginosa only in cells that do not express apical CFTR, we addressed the question of whether bacterial internalization by(More)
The composition of airway surface liquid (ASL) is partly determined by active ion and water transport through the respiratory epithelium. It is usually stated that in cystic fibrosis (CF), CF transmembrane conductance regulator protein abnormality results in imbalanced ion composition and dehydration of ASL, leading to abnormal rheologic and transport(More)
Fimbrial or nonfimbrial adhesins assembled by the bacterial chaperone-usher pathway have been demonstrated to play a key role in pathogenesis. Such an assembly mechanism has been exemplified in uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains with the Pap and the Fim systems. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, three gene clusters (cupA, cupB, and cupC) encoding(More)
To examine the effects of the uPA/plasmin system on cell migration in relation to the activation of MMP-9, we used ex vivo and in vitro wound-repair models of human bronchial epithelial cells and videomicroscopy techniques that make possible cell tracking and quantification of cell migration speeds. We observed that uPA was only detected in migrating cells(More)
In response to environmental changes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is able to switch from a planktonic (free swimming) to a sessile (biofilm) lifestyle. The two-component system (TCS) GacS/GacA activates the production of two small non-coding RNAs, RsmY and RsmZ, but four histidine kinases (HKs), RetS, GacS, LadS and PA1611, are instrumental in this process. RetS(More)
The type III secretion system (TTSS) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was characterized genetically and phenotypically in 92 epidemiologically unrelated bacteremic strains. Four groups of strains (TTSS types) were defined according to the level of type III protein secretion and kinetics of cytotoxicity. Type 1 strains (n=26) were highly and rapidly cytotoxic and(More)
The virulence of SCCmec type IV hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clinical isolates belonging to the major sequence type 8 (ST8 [Lyon clone]) and to a minor upcoming clone, ST5, was compared with that of methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) isolates of matching sequence types. In vitro adhesion to human airway(More)
Exacerbated inflammation is now recognized as an important component of cystic fibrosis (CF) airway disease. Whether inflammation is part of the basic defect in CF or a response to persistent infection remains controversial. We addressed this question using human fetal tracheal grafts in severe combined immunodeficient mice. This model yields histologically(More)