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We have analyzed the role of the protein kinase Chk1 in checkpoint control by using cell-free extracts from Xenopus eggs. Recombinant Xenopus Chk1 (Xchk1) phosphorylates the mitotic inducer Cdc25 in vitro on multiple sites including Ser-287. The Xchk1-catalyzed phosphorylation of Cdc25 on Ser-287 is sufficient to confer the binding of 14-3-3 proteins. Egg(More)
A previously unknown redox cofactor has been identified in the active site of lysyl oxidase from the bovine aorta. Edman sequencing, mass spectrometry, ultraviolet-visible spectra, and resonance Raman studies showed that this cofactor is a quinone. Its structure is derived from the crosslinking of the epsilon-amino group of a peptidyl lysine with the(More)
Myosin couples ATP hydrolysis to the translocation of actin filaments to power many forms of cellular motility. A striking feature of the structure of the muscle myosin head domain is a 9-nm long "lever arm" that has been postulated to produce a 5-10-nm power stroke. This motion must be coupled to conformational changes around the actin and nucleotide(More)
Lysine tyrosylquinone (LTQ) recently has been identified as the active site cofactor in lysyl oxidase by isolation and characterization of a derivatized active site peptide. Reported in this study is the first characterization of the underivatized cofactor in native lysyl oxidase by resonance Raman (RR) spectrometry. The spectrum is characterized by a(More)
4-n-Butylamino-5-ethyl-1,2-benzoquinone (1(ox)) has been synthesized as a model compound for the LTQ (lysine tyrosyl quinone) cofactor of lysyl oxidase (LOX). At pH 7, 1(ox) has a lambda(max) at 504 nm and exists as a neutral o-quinone in contrast to a TPQ (2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylalanine quinone) model compound, 4, which is a resonance-stabilized monoanion.(More)
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