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This article contains empirical tests of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model of AIDS-preventive behavior (J.D. Fisher & Fisher, 1992; W.A. Fisher & Fisher, 1993a), which has been designed to understand and predict the practice of AIDS-preventive acts. The IMB model holds that AIDS-preventive behavior is a function of individuals'(More)
Concern over polyethylene wear particle induced aseptic loosening of metal-on-polyethylene hip prostheses has led to renewed interest in alternative materials such as metal-on-metal and alumina ceramic-on-alumina ceramic for total hip replacement. This study compared the effects of clinically relevant cobalt-chromium and alumina ceramic wear particles on(More)
SUMMARY The intra-operative blood loss of 50 consecutive gynae-oncology patients undergoing surgery for endometrial, cervical or ovarian cancer was cell salvaged and filtered. In each case blood samples were taken from the effluent tumour vein, a central venous line, the cell saver reservoir, the cell salvage re-transfusion bag after processing but before(More)
The performance of novel ceramic-on-metal bearing couples has been compared with metal-on-metal and ceramic-on-ceramic bearing couples in laboratory and short-term clinical studies. Laboratory studies compared ceramic-on-metal with metal-on-metal and ceramic-on-ceramic bearings with diameters of 28 and 36 mm under standard conditions and under adverse(More)
The sequence of the mouse genome is a key informational tool for understanding the contents of the human genome and a key experimental tool for biomedical research. Here, we report the results of an international collaboration to produce a high-quality draft sequence of the mouse genome. We also present an initial comparative analysis of the mouse and human(More)
High wear rates and high patient ion levels have been associated with high (> 55 degrees) cup inclination angles for metal-on-metal surface replacements. Wear rates and patterns have been simulated for ceramic-on-ceramic bearings by applying microseparation to replicate head offset deficiency. We tested 39-mm metal-on-metal surface replacements (n = 5) in a(More)
Wear of polyethylene and the resulting wear debris-induced osteolysis remains a major cause of long-term failure in artificial hip joints. There is interest in understanding engineering and clinical conditions that influence wear rates. Fluoroscopic studies have shown separation of the head and the cup during the swing phase of walking due to joint laxity.(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies have indicated that the angular position of the acetabular cup may influence wear in metal-on-metal total hip bearings. A high cup angle in comparison to the anatomical position may lead to the head being constrained by the superior lateral surface and rim of the cup, thus potentially changing the location of the contact zone(More)
The failure of metal on polyethylene total hip replacements due to wear particle induced osteolysis and late aseptic loosening has focused interest upon alternative bearings, such as metal on metal implants. A recent advance in this field has been the development of a novel ceramic on metal implant. The characteristics of the wear particles generated in(More)
Hip resurfacing arthroplasty has become a popular alternative to conventional hip surgery. Surface replacements with bearing sizes of 55 mm (n = 5) and 39 mm (n = 5) were tested in a hip simulator for 15 million cycles (Mc). Wear debris was isolated from the serum lubricant and characterized by field emmitting gun scanning electorn microscopy, and ion(More)