Sophie Vasseur

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To characterize at the molecular level the pancreatic emergency program set up by the pancreatic cells in response to pancreatitis, we have developed a strategy in which the phenotype of the pancreatitis affected pancreas is established by characterization of a large number of its transcripts. Herein, we describe the cloning, sequence, and expression of a(More)
Cytokines that are related to ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) are physiologically important survival factors for motoneurons, but the mechanisms by which they prevent neuronal cell death remain unknown. Reg-2/PAP I (pancreatitis-associated protein I), referred to here as Reg-2, is a secreted protein whose expression in motoneurons during development is(More)
p8 is a transcription cofactor whose expression is strongly and rapidly activated in pancreatic acinar cells during the acute phase of pancreatitis. A p8-deficient mouse strain was generated as a tool to investigate its function. Upon induction of acute pancreatitis, myeloperoxidase activity in pancreas and serum concentrations of amylase and lipase were(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the most intractable and fatal cancer. The decreased blood vessel density displayed by this tumor not only favors its resistance to chemotherapy but also participates in its aggressiveness due to the consequent high degree of hypoxia. It is indeed clear that hypoxia promotes selective pressure on malignant cells(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha contributes to the development of acute pancreatitis. Because TNF-alpha is involved in the control of apoptosis, we studied its interaction with the pancreatic apoptotic pathway. METHODS Pancreatic acinar AR4-2J cells were used. Apoptosis was monitored by morphologic and biochemical criteria. RESULTS(More)
p8 is a small-stress protein involved in several cellular functions including apoptosis. To identify its putative partners, we screened a HeLa cDNA library by using the two-hybrid technique and found that p8 binds the antiapoptotic protein prothymosin alpha (ProTalpha). Fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and NMR spectroscopy showed that p8 and(More)
p8 is a stress-induced protein with multiple functions and biochemically related to the architectural factor HMG-I/Y. We analyzed the expression and function of p8 in pancreatic cancer-derived cells. Expression of p8 was silenced in the human pancreatic cancer cell lines Panc-1 and BxPc-3 by infection with a retrovirus expressing p8 RNA in the antisense(More)
Several inflammatory processes of the bowel are characterized by an accumulation of eosinophils at sites of inflammation. The mechanisms that govern mucosal infiltration with eosinophils are not fully understood. Eotaxin-3/CCL-26 belongs to a family of CC chemokines, which are potent chemoattractants for eosinophils. In this study, we hypothesized that(More)
In cancer, DJ-1/PARK7 acts as an oncogene that drives Akt-mediated cell survival. Although amplification of DJ-1 has been described in several types of tumors, the mechanistic basis of DJ-1's oncogenic effect remains incompletely understood. A tumor's ability to adapt to hypoxia is absolutely critical for its survival and progression, and this adaptation is(More)
Large scale sequencing of cDNAs from a tissue-specific library provides information on the functional phenotype of that tissue and the clones constitute a reservoir of biological markers. For these reasons, we have randomly sequenced 2166 clones of a cDNA library constructed with human colorectal cancer mRNAs. Database searches indicated that 1014 of the(More)