Sophie Paillard

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The analysis of the first plant genomes provided unexpected evidence for genome duplication events in species that had previously been considered as true diploids on the basis of their genetics. These polyploidization events may have had important consequences in plant evolution, in particular for species radiation and adaptation and for the modulation of(More)
We constructed a genetic linkage map based on a cross between two Swiss winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties, Arina and Forno. Two-hundred and forty F5 single-seed descent (SSD)-derived lines were analysed with 112 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) anonymous probes, 18 wheat cDNA clones coding for putative stress or defence-related(More)
Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat is a widespread and destructive disease which occurs in humid and semi-humid areas. FHB epidemics can cause serious yield and quality losses under favorable climatic conditions, but the major concern is the contamination of grains with mycotoxins. Resistance to FHB is quantitatively inherited and greatly influenced by the(More)
The Swiss winter bread wheat cv. ‘Forno’ has a highly effective, durable and quantitative leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks.) resistance which is associated with leaf tip necrosis (LTN). We studied 240 single seed descent lines of an ‘Arina×Forno’ F5:7 population to identify and map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for leaf rust resistance and LTN.(More)
Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. tritici, is one of the most widespread and destructive wheat diseases in areas where cool temperatures prevail. The wheat cv. Renan, carrying the specific gene Yr17, has shown effective resistance for a long time, even though some pathotypes overcame the Yr17 gene. The objectives of this study were to locate(More)
Stagonospora nodorum is the causal agent of the Stagonospora glume blotch disease in hexaploid wheat. The Swiss winter bread wheat cv. 'Arina' has a highly effective, durable and quantitative glume blotch resistance. We studied 240 single seed descent (SSD)-derived lines of an 'Arina × Forno' F5:7 population to identify and map quantitative trait loci(More)
Structural genes of the phenyl-propanoid pathway which encode flavonoid 3'- and 3',5'-hydroxylases (F3'H and F3'5'H) have long been invoked to explain the biosynthesis of cyanidin- and delphinidin-based anthocyanin pigments in the so-called red cultivars of grapevine. The relative proportion of the two types of anthocyanins is largely under genetic control(More)
Whole-genome physical maps facilitate genome sequencing, sequence assembly, mapping of candidate genes, and the design of targeted genetic markers. An automated protocol was used to construct a Vitis vinifera 'Cabernet Sauvignon' physical map. The quality of the result was addressed with regard to the effect of high heterozygosity on the accuracy of contig(More)
Five hundred and six EST-derived markers, 313 SSR markers and 26 BAC end-derived or SCAR markers were anchored by PCR on a subset of a Cabernet Sauvignon BAC library representing six genome equivalents pooled in three dimensions. In parallel, the 12,351 EST clusters of the grapevine UniGene set (build #11) from NCBI were used to design 12,125 primers pairs(More)
Septoria tritici blotch (STB), caused by S. tritici, Stagonospora glume blotch (SGB), caused by S. nodorum, and Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by F. graminearum and F. culmorum, are the most important diseases of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in temperate growing areas. The main goals of this study were to detect (1) new quantitative trait loci (QTL) for(More)