Sophie Lerouge

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are pluripotent progenitor cells with the ability to generate cartilage, bone, muscle, tendon, ligament, and fat. However, recent evidence indicates that a major drawback of current cartilage- and intervertebral disc-tissue engineering is that human MSCs isolated from some arthritic patients (a clinically relevant source of(More)
Plasma-based sterilization is a promising alternative to the use of pure ethylene oxide (EO), for low-temperature clinical sterilization of medical instruments and devices. However, few studies have been published that evaluate its safety in terms of possible damage to materials, particularly polymers. The objective of this work was to evaluate polymer(More)
Blood clotting is a natural process that can be both beneficial and life-threatening for the human body. It allows the maintenance of hemostasis after vascular injury, but it can also cause deep vein thrombosis and heart stroke. This study aimed better to understand the clotting process from a biomechanical point of view by using an acoustic method. The(More)
Experimental and simulation studies were conducted to noninvasively characterize abdominal aneurysms with ultrasound (US) elastography before and after endovascular treatment. Twenty three dogs having bilateral aneurysms surgically created on iliac arteries with venous patches were investigated. In a first set of experiments, the feasibility of elastography(More)
OBJECTIVES Normal values for hemoglobin and hematocrit have been established for healthy young adults, but it is unknown whether age-related decline in hematological values occurs in the elderly. We compared normal values of hematological parameters in healthy adults and healthy persons aged 65 years and over using flow cytometry. SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
In contrast to the much-studied mechanism of aseptic loosening of the metal-polyethylene joint couple, the mechanism responsible for failure of ceramic-ceramic (CC) total hip arthroplasties (THAs) has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic characterization of the in vivo wear debris from 15 cases of CC THAs revised for aseptic(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that can differentiate into chondrocytes, osteoblasts, myocytes, adipocytes, and a variety of other cell types. Several studies have been directed toward using MSCs from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) for cartilage repair, not only because these are the ones that will require a source of autologous stem(More)
This study highlights the advantages of chondroitin sulfate (CS) as a sublayer combining selective low-fouling properties, low-platelet adhesion and pro-adhesive properties on endothelial cells, making CS promising for vascular graft applications. These properties were evaluated by comparing CS with well-known low-fouling coatings such as poly(ethylene(More)
This work explores the potential of shear strain elastograms to identify vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques. The Lagrangian speckle model estimator (LSME) elasticity imaging method was further developed to estimate shear strain elasticity (SSE). Three polyvinyl alcohol cryogel vessel phantoms were imaged with an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) scanner. The(More)
Chitosan-thermosensitive hydrogels present interesting features for the embolization of blood vessels, but need to be better characterized and optimized. Chitosan polymer (degree of deacetylation (DDA) of 94%) was purified and combined with Visipaque (VIS), a nonionic isotonic contrast agent composed of iodixanol. A beta-glycerolphosphate (βGP) solution was(More)