Sophie Lefebvre

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Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) influences heart rate, coronary artery caliber, endothelial integrity, and lymphocyte recirculation through five related high affinity G-protein-coupled receptors. Inhibition of lymphocyte recirculation by non-selective S1P receptor agonists produces clinical immunosuppression preventing transplant rejection but is associated(More)
The nonclassical HLA-G primary transcript is alternatively spliced to generate several mRNAs that have the capacity to encode four membrane bound isoforms, namely HLA-G1, -G2, -G3, and -G4 and two soluble isoforms HLA-G5 and -G6. We aimed at defining the capacity of full length and truncated soluble HLA-G transcripts to be translated in human cell lines.(More)
FTY720 is an immunomodulator with demonstrated efficacy in a phase II trial of relapsing multiple sclerosis. FTY720-phosphate, the active metabolite generated upon phosphorylation in vivo, acts as a potent agonist on four of the five known sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P(1)) receptors. AUY954, an aminocarboxylate analog of FTY720, is a low nanomolar,(More)
Type I interferons display a broad range of immunomodulatory functions. Interferon beta increases gene expression at the transcriptional level through binding of factors to the interferon-stimulated response element (ISRE) within the promoters of interferon-inducible genes, such as HLA class I. Despite mutation of the class I ISRE sequence within the(More)
The transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is activated by a diverse number of stimuli including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1, UV irradiation, viruses, as well as receptor tyrosine kinases such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). NF-kappaB activation by the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) involves the(More)
Ubc13 is a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme responsible for noncanonical ubiquitination of TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF)-family adapter proteins involved in Toll-like receptor and TNF-family cytokine receptor signaling, which are regulators of innate immunity. Gene ablation was used to study the function of Ubc13 in mice. Whereas homozygous ubc13 gene(More)
The HLA-G molecule is a non-classical HLA class I antigen selectively expressed by trophoblastic cells that invade the maternal decidua during human pregnancy. HLA-G is believed to contribute to tolerance of the semi-allogeneic fetus by inhibiting maternal immune responses. Similarly, HLA-G expression in tumour cells may favour their escape from host immune(More)
Expression of the nonclassical HLA class I antigen, HLA-G, is tightly regulated. HLA-G physiologic expression is mostly restricted to some placental and thymic cell types. Only few established cell lines express HLA-G in vitro. Cytokine-induced expression of HLA-G is hardly observed and also depends on the cell lineage. We assessed expression and cytokine(More)
A novel series of alkoxyimino derivatives as S1P1 agonists were discovered through de novo design using FTY720 as the chemical starting point. Extensive structure-activity relationship studies led to the discovery of (E)-1-(4-(1-(((4-cyclohexyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)imino)ethyl)-2-ethylbenzyl)azetidine-3-carboxylic acid (32, BAF312, Siponimod),(More)
TNF-receptor associated factors (TRAFs) are the molecules that upon engagement of the TNF-receptor (TNFR) by a TNF-family ligand come first in contact with the activated TNFR, initially acting as docking molecules for kinases and other effector proteins that are recruited to the activated receptor. TRAFs later regulate the subcellular relocalization of the(More)