Sophie Le Maout

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Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is the predominant water channel in the brain. It is targeted to specific membrane domains of astrocytes and plays a crucial role in cerebral water balance in response to brain edema formation. AQP4 is also specifically expressed in the basolateral membranes of epithelial cells. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in its polarized(More)
The inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir 2.3 is specifically targeted and expressed on the basolateral membrane of certain renal epithelial cells. In the present study, the structural basis for polarized targeting was elucidated. Deletion of a unique COOH-terminal domain produced channels that were mistargeted to the apical membrane, consistent with(More)
Distal bright convoluted tubules (DCTb) were microdissected from rabbit kidney cortex and cultured in a hormonally defined medium. The quality and the degree of polarization of the growing epithelia were assessed by indirect immunofluorescence studies using a monoclonal antibody raised against the apical membrane of the DCTb in situ. The cultured monolayers(More)
Protein thiol oxidation subserves important biological functions and constitutes a sequel of reactive oxygen species toxicity. We developed two distinct thiol-labeling approaches to identify oxidized cytoplasmic protein thiols in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Inone approach, we used N-(6-(biotinamido)hexyl)-3'-(2'-pyridyldithio)-propionamide to purify oxidized(More)
Isolated proximal cells from rabbit kidney were seeded on collagen-coated permeable supports. After 8 days, the cultured cells became organized as a confluent monolayer. The proximal origin of the monolayer was confirmed by enzymatic, immunological, electrical and electron microscopical studies. The epithelia exhibited a morphological polarity that allowed(More)
To investigate the biosynthetic mechanisms involved in the expression of the renal epithelial inward rectifying K(+) channel, ROMK1 (Kir1.1a), a six amino acid epitope (AU1) was introduced onto the extreme N-terminus for efficient immunoprecipitation. As expressed in Xenopus oocytes, the AU1 epitope did not modify the functional properties of the ROMK1(More)
The ability of proximal convoluted tubules in primary culture to regulate volume after a hypotonic shock was investigated by a method based on the use of a fluorescent intracellular probe, (2,7-bis(carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein: BCECF/AM). The fluorescent signal emitted by the trapped dye excited at 450 nm and analyzed by a video-microscopic set was(More)
The vasopressin V1a receptor undergoes homologous and heterologous desensitizations which can be mimicked by activation of protein kinase C. This suggests that phosphorylation of the V1a receptor may be involved in the desensitization mechanisms. Such a phosphorylation was presently investigated in HEK 293 cells stably transfected with rat vasopressin V1a(More)
Functional Kv 1-4 channels were stably expressed in filter-grown MDCK cells which form a polarized epithelium with two distinct plasma membrane domains: a basolateral and an apical cell surface. The Shaker-related Kv 1-4 channels mediated in MDCK cells fast transient (A-type) voltage-activated outward currents having similar properties to the ones reported(More)
We recently cloned an inward-rectifying K channel (Kir) cDNA, CCD-IRK3 (mKir 2.3), from a cortical collecting duct (CCD) cell line. Although this recombinant channel shares many functional properties with the "small-conductance" basolateral membrane Kir channel in the CCD, its precise subcellular localization has been difficult to elucidate by conventional(More)