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Changes in afferent input can alter the excitability of intracortical inhibitory systems. For example, using paired transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), both electrical digital stimulation and muscle vibration have been shown to reduce short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI). The effects following muscle vibration are confined to the(More)
Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to assess the effectiveness of intracortical inhibition (ICI) acting on corticospinal neurons controlling three intrinsic hand muscles in humans. We hypothesised that the suppression of ICI with selective activation of a muscle would be restricted to corticospinal neurons controlling the muscle(More)
A long-latency stretch reflex (LLSR) has been described in the human masseter muscle, but its pathway remains uncertain. To investigate this, the excitability of corticomotoneuronal (CM) cells projecting to masseter motoneurons during the LLSR was assessed with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). A facilitated response to TMS would be evidence of a(More)
Conditions known to cause hand pain, such as arthritis, are often accompanied by impaired dexterity. The aim of this study was to determine whether this association is coincident, or whether pain affects dexterity directly. In the first part of the study, several tests of dexterity based on pegboard skills were compared with a precision-grip-lift task: the(More)
The corticobulbar inputs to single masseter motoneurons from the contra- and ipsilateral motor cortex were examined using focal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with a figure-of-eight stimulating coil. Fine-wire electrodes were inserted into the masseter muscle of six subjects, and the responses of 30 motor units were examined. All were tested with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and features of short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) in the human trigeminal motor system. METHODS Surface electromyogram (EMG) was recorded from left and right digastric muscles in 7 subjects, along with additional experiments with intramuscular EMG in 2 subjects. Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation(More)
Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) after transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) show a trial-to-trial variation in size at rest that is positively correlated for muscles of the same, and opposite, upper limbs. To investigate the mechanisms responsible for this we have examined the effect of voluntary activation on the correlated fluctuations of MEP size. In 8(More)
Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) show a trial-to-trial variation in size at rest that is positively correlated for muscles of the same, and opposite, upper limbs. To investigate the mechanisms responsible for this we have examined the effect of voluntary activation on the correlated fluctuations of MEP size.(More)
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