Sophie Koutouzov

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OBJECTIVE To compare the humoral response to nucleosomes with the response to their individual components (double-stranded DNA [dsDNA] and histones) and to assess the involvement of antinucleosome antibodies in immune deposits in the kidney of MRL mice. METHODS We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays of sera and kidney eluates for antibody activity(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the frequency and disease specificity of antinucleosome antibody reactivity in diverse connective tissue diseases (CTD), and to determine factors, such as antibody subclass, that may influence the pathogenicity of these antibodies in relation to disease activity. METHODS IgG and IgM antinucleosome activities on nucleosome core particles(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether nucleosome-restricted antibodies, i.e., antibodies that react with the whole nucleosome particle but not with its individual components (double-stranded DNA [dsDNA] and histones), are present in the sera of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS Antibodies were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypical autoimmune disease characterized by the production of autoantibodies directed against nuclear antigens and chronic inflammation affecting multiple tissues. Complex genetic disorders are at the origin of the disease in humans and in SLE-prone mice, leading to the escape of auto-reactive B-lymphocytes from(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess nucleosome plasma levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to study the correlations with serum antinucleosome, anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA), and antihistone antibody activities, as well as with disease activity (by the SLE Disease Activity Index [SLEDAI]). METHODS In a cross-sectional study, we assessed(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the development of a large array of autoantibodies that primarily are directed against the whole chromatin (antinucleosome) and its individual components, dsDNA and histones. Apoptotic defects and impaired removal of apoptotic cells could contribute to an overload of autoantigens (and in particular of(More)
Using three reference disease models--insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) as a prototype of T-cell mediated organ-specific autoimmune disease, myasthenia gravis (MG) as a prototype of autoantibody-mediated organ-specific autoimmune disease and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as a prototype of non-organ-specific autoimmune disease--we have reached(More)
Recent studies indicate that IFN-alpha is involved in pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. However, direct proof that IFN-alpha is not only necessary, but also sufficient to induce lupus pathogenicity is lacking. In this study, we show that in vivo adenovector-mediated delivery of murine IFN-alpha results in preautoimmune (New Zealand Black (NZB) x(More)