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1. A reversal in the sign of a cutaneous reflex during walking was recently described in the human. Such reversals were most clearly seen in muscles that were active in two parts of the step cycle, such as the tibialis anterior (TA). The current study determined whether the reversal resulted from differential activation of a single group of motor units. 2.(More)
1. The triceps surae (TS) stretch reflex was measured in decerebrate cats during crossed extensor stimulation and after spinalization during rhythmic locomotor activity induced by clonidine and manual perineal stimulation. The TS force in response to sinusoidal stretch was measured at a given contraction level before and after deafferentation, and the(More)
During locomotion in decerebrate and spinal cats the group Ia afferents from hind leg muscles are depolarized rhythmically. An earlier study concluded that this locomotor-related primary afferent depolarization (PAD) does not contribute to modulation of monosynaptic reflex pathways during locomotion. This finding indicated that the neural network generating(More)
The triceps surae (TS) stretch reflex was measured in decerebrate cats during crossed extensor stimulation (tonic contractions) and after spinalization during rhythmic locomotor activity. The TS reflex force in response to a short pulse stretch measured during tonic contractions at low level of background activity was greater than when more background(More)
Human walking involves coordinated movements of all four limbs. The benefits of incorporating arm movements in gait rehabilitation are not known and difficult to investigate in patient populations with poor balance and reduced walking capacity. This study assessed the effect of supported (SUP) versus unsupported (UNSUP) arm movements on the coordination(More)
The mechanisms underlying sensory hypersensitivity (SH) in acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are not well understood. We examined the extent of the relationships between the sensory measures of pressure pain threshold (PPT) and cold pain threshold (CPT), catastrophizing, pain and disability levels and gender in acute WAD. Thirty-seven subjects(More)
STUDY DESIGN Clinical measurement, validity and intrarater reliability study. OBJECTIVES (1) To confirm the validity and assess between-day test-retest reliability of cervical spine motion measurements made with the cervical range of motion (CROM) device in flexion, extension, bilateral rotation, and bilateral side flexion; (2) to provide meaningful(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to investigate and compare the coordination and stabilization of axial segments during walking with and without horizontal voluntary head turns, in healthy (n=5) and hemiparetic (n=10) subjects. METHODS Subjects were instructed to turn the head as fast and as soon as possible in the direction indicated by an illuminated(More)
1. In order to study fusimotor control in reduced preparations, soleus muscle spindle afferents were recorded in premammillary decerebrate cats (n = 15) during crossed extensor reflexes and, after spinalization, during locomotion produced by either clonidine or L-beta-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA). The soleus muscle was oscillated sinusoidally (0.25(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of arm movements on lower limb movement and muscle activation during treadmill walking after a stroke. Ten high functioning stroke and 10 healthy subjects walked on a treadmill while swinging their arms naturally, and while holding onto handles that were either fixed in place or allowed to slide along(More)