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Mature B cells acquire the capacity to revise rearranged Ig V region genes in secondary lymphoid organs. In previous studies, we demonstrated that cross-linking the BCR and the CD40 induces the expression of the RAG1 and RAG2 enzymes and, thereby, secondary rearrangements. We examine herein the mechanism that underpins RAG1 and RAG2 expression in peripheral(More)
B lymphocytes from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) display some CD5 transcripts for CD5 containing the known exon 1 (E1A) and other CD5 transcripts containing the new exon 1 (E1B). These malignant B cells, as well as B cell lines transfected with cDNA for E1A-cd5 or with cDNA for E1B-cd5 produce IL-10, raising the possibility that CD5 participates in the(More)
Previous studies have indicated that mature B cells reactivate secondary V(D)J recombination inside and outside the germinal center (GC) of peripheral lymphoid organs. The nature of the B cells undergoing Ig rearrangement before they enter GC is unknown. In this study, we present evidence that activated mature CD5-positive human tonsil B cells coexpress(More)
Transplantation is the preferred treatment for most end-stage solid organ diseases. Despite potent immunosuppressive agents, chronic rejection remains a real problem in transplantation. For many years, the predominant immunological focus of research into transplant rejection has been T cells. The pillar of immunotherapy in clinical practice is T(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock protein (hsp) 60 that provides "danger signal" binds to the surface of resting endothelial cells (EC) but its receptor has not yet been characterized. In mitochondria, hsp60 specifically associates with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase. We therefore examined the possible interaction between hsp60 and ATP synthase on EC surface. (More)
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