Learn More
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) consist of IgG concentrated from pooled plasma of numerous donors. Their contents is variable, depending in part on the method of preparation. Natural antibodies and natural autoantibodies are prominent in these preparations and their function. Among these, are the idiotype (Id)/anti-Id dimers. Attention has recently been(More)
Among various mechanisms for interactions with B cells, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) may operate through the insertion of its Fc part into the Fc-γ receptor, or the binding of its sialic acid (SA)-bearing glycans to the negatively regulating CD22 lectin. It appeared that IVIg reduces B lymphocyte viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner.(More)
A number of studies have suggested that B cell mediated-regulation contributes to the establishment of immunological tolerance. However, the precise mechanisms by which regulatory B cells establish and maintain tolerance in humans remain to be determined. The objective of the current study is to understand the cellular and molecular bases of B-cell(More)
Mature B cells acquire the capacity to revise rearranged Ig V region genes in secondary lymphoid organs. In previous studies, we demonstrated that cross-linking the BCR and the CD40 induces the expression of the RAG1 and RAG2 enzymes and, thereby, secondary rearrangements. We examine herein the mechanism that underpins RAG1 and RAG2 expression in peripheral(More)
Establishment of the B cell repertoire is regulated by recombination activating genes RAG1 and RAG2 proteins in the bone marrow. Tolerance of autoreactivity is mainly prevented by receptor editing, i.e. synthesis of a new B cell receptor following re-expression of RAG1 and RAG2. Numerous signals can lead to RAG up-regulation, all in association with soluble(More)
In recent years, broiler mortality during transport to the slaughterhouse has become a cause for concern because of animal welfare considerations and associated economic losses. A descriptive and analytical epidemiological study was carried out to estimate the extent of DoA in poultry broiler production in the main producing regions of France and to(More)
B lymphocytes from chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) display some CD5 transcripts for CD5 containing the known exon 1 (E1A) and other CD5 transcripts containing the new exon 1 (E1B). These malignant B cells, as well as B cell lines transfected with cDNA for E1A-cd5 or with cDNA for E1B-cd5 produce IL-10, raising the possibility that CD5 participates in the(More)
Several transplant patients maintain stable kidney graft function in the absence of immunosuppression. Here we compared the characteristics of their peripheral B cells to that of others who had stable graft function but were under pharmacologic immunosuppression, to patients with chronic rejection and to healthy volunteers. In drug-free long-term graft(More)
Previous studies have indicated that mature B cells reactivate secondary V(D)J recombination inside and outside the germinal center (GC) of peripheral lymphoid organs. The nature of the B cells undergoing Ig rearrangement before they enter GC is unknown. In this study, we present evidence that activated mature CD5-positive human tonsil B cells coexpress(More)
OBJECTIVE B cells that accumulate in the synovial tissue of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients revise their receptors due to coordinate expression of recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG-1) and RAG-2 genes. The aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms that control this re-expression. METHODS B cells from healthy control subjects were cocultured(More)