Sophie Hillion

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Among various mechanisms for interactions with B cells, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) may operate through the insertion of its Fc part into the Fc-γ receptor, or the binding of its sialic acid (SA)-bearing glycans to the negatively regulating CD22 lectin. It appeared that IVIg reduces B lymphocyte viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner.(More)
T lymphocytes and a subpopulation of B lymphocytes express the CD5 coreceptor. Its functional importance is evident from the multiple levels and developmental stages of the regulation of its expression. We here report the discovery of a novel regulatory exon upstream of the noncoding region of the CD5 gene in humans. This alternate exon 1 is designated E1B(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) consist of IgG concentrated from pooled plasma of numerous donors. Their contents is variable, depending in part on the method of preparation. Natural antibodies and natural autoantibodies are prominent in these preparations and their function. Among these, are the idiotype (Id)/anti-Id dimers. Attention has recently been(More)
A number of studies have suggested that B cell mediated-regulation contributes to the establishment of immunological tolerance. However, the precise mechanisms by which regulatory B cells establish and maintain tolerance in humans remain to be determined. The objective of the current study is to understand the cellular and molecular bases of B-cell(More)
OBJECTIVE B cells that accumulate in the synovial tissue of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients revise their receptors due to coordinate expression of recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG-1) and RAG-2 genes. The aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms that control this re-expression. METHODS B cells from healthy control subjects were cocultured(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases are largely due to inappropriate response of hyperactive or autoreactive B cells. These autoreactive B cells can evade central tolerance checkpoints and migrate to the periphery, where they would be silenced by anergy. Such anergic cells are characterized by B-cell receptor (BCR) desensitization and(More)
Transplantation is the preferred treatment for most end-stage solid organ diseases. Despite potent immunosuppressive agents, chronic rejection remains a real problem in transplantation. For many years, the predominant immunological focus of research into transplant rejection has been T cells. The pillar of immunotherapy in clinical practice is T(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock protein (hsp) 60 that provides "danger signal" binds to the surface of resting endothelial cells (EC) but its receptor has not yet been characterized. In mitochondria, hsp60 specifically associates with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase. We therefore examined the possible interaction between hsp60 and ATP synthase on EC surface. (More)
Establishment of the B cell repertoire is regulated by recombination activating genes RAG1 and RAG2 proteins in the bone marrow. Tolerance of autoreactivity is mainly prevented by receptor editing, i.e. synthesis of a new B cell receptor following re-expression of RAG1 and RAG2. Numerous signals can lead to RAG up-regulation, all in association with soluble(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt-3L), a cytokine implicated in B cell ontogenesis and proliferation in hematologic malignancies, might be responsible for the increased numbers of circulating Bm2 and Bm2′ B cell subsets in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS Serum levels of Flt-3L were measured in 64(More)