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BACKGROUND The "complex of myxomas, spotty skin pigmentation, and endocrine overactivity," or "Carney complex" (CNC), is caused by inactivating mutations of the regulatory subunit type 1A of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PRKAR1A) gene and as yet unknown defect(s) in other gene(s). Delineation of a genotype-phenotype correlation for CNC patients is(More)
RATIONALE The occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is linked to the aspiration of contaminated pharyngeal secretions around the endotracheal tube. Tubes with cuffs made of polyurethane rather than polyvinyl chloride or with a conical rather than a cylindrical shape increase tracheal sealing. OBJECTIVES To test whether using polyurethane(More)
Oncogenic pathways underlying in the development of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) remain poorly characterized, but mutations of the ten-eleven translocation 2 (TET2) gene are frequently observed. In the present work, we evaluated the prognostic impact of TET2 mutations in MDS. Frameshift, nonsense, missense mutations, or defects in gene structure were(More)
We assessed the value of midnight salivary cortisol for the initial diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome. Sixty-three patients with various causes of Cushing's syndrome (37 with Cushing's disease, 17 with adrenal Cushing's syndrome, and nine with ectopic ACTH syndrome) and 54 control subjects with simple obesity were studied. All patients with Cushing's syndrome(More)
OBJECTIVE To study immunologic and clinical responses to HAART in patients over 50 years old. DESIGN AND METHODS A prospective cohort study which included 68 hospitals in France. A total of 3015 antiretroviral-naive patients, 401 of whom were aged 50 years or over, were enrolled following initiation of HAART. The influence of age on the mean CD4 cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the value of brain natriuretic peptide plasma levels as a marker of systolic myocardial dysfunction during severe sepsis and septic shock. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Intensive care unit. PATIENTS A total of 34 consecutive patients with severe sepsis (nine patients) or septic shock (25 patients) without(More)
We analyzed prognostic factors of response, response duration, and possible impact on survival of epoetin alpha, epoetin beta, or darbepoetin alpha (DAR) with or without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in 403 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Sixty-two percent (40% major and 22% minor) and 50% erythroid responses were seen, and median response(More)
OBJECTIVES It is important to assess the extent of bias when comparing the clinical efficacy of antiretroviral regimens in observational databases because, with the current lack of planned large trials, such analyses may represent the only means of assessing the risk of serious clinical events associated with new regimens. We aimed to compare the results(More)
OBJECTIVE Confessions are uncommon in abusive head trauma (AHT) cases, and there is debate over whether shaking alone can cause the injuries characteristic of AHT. The objective of this article is to correlate legal statements by perpetrators with medical documentation to offer insights into the mechanism of injury. METHODS In this retrospective(More)
The aim of this study was to review our experience in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for biliary atresia (BA) in children and analyze the survival and prognostic factors, and long-term outcome. We reviewed 332 OLTs performed in 280 children between the years 1986 and 2000. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed on patient and graft(More)