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The purpose of this study was to verify whether any changes in sex ratio might occur in soft-shell clams (Mya arenaria) located in an intertidal harbor zone located at the mouth of the Saguenay Fjord in the Saint Lawrence estuary (Baie Sainte-Catherine (BSC), Québec, Canada) likely to be contaminated by organotin compounds. Bivalves were harvested at the(More)
Perturbation of the reproductive cycle as well as vitellin-like protein synthesis have already been reported in Mya arenaria sampled in contaminated areas of the St. Lawrence maritime estuary (Québec, Canada). To assess the potential role of endocrine disruptors in modulating the reproductive cycle in clams, the role of sex steroids has to be clarified. We(More)
The Saguenay fjord located in Canada on the north coast of the Saint-Lawrence Estuary, is well known for its multiple contaminations following a linear distribution upstream to downstream. Mya arenaria is well established in the fjord and potentially exposed to persistent sediment contamination as an endobenthic bivalve. From May to October 1997, clams(More)
Soft-shell clams Mya arenaria were injected with 10, 20 or 40 nmol of estradiol 17beta (E2). We observed a significant inhibiting effect of E2 on phagocytic activity of hemocytes from clams exposed to 10 and 20 nmol. A dose-response increase of the glycogen phosphorylase in the gonad tended to show a remobilisation of glycogen reserves involved in(More)
Vitellins (Vn) are the major egg yolk proteins that constitute an important energy reserve for mollusc embryos. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the relative levels of sugars, lipids, phosphates, and labile IIb metals and calcium normally associated with Vn would differ in clam populations living at contaminated sites. Softshell clams(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this research was to investigate oxidative stress and immune responses following a dietary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure in a marine bioindicator organism, the soft shell clam, Mya arenaria. Immune parameters in hemolymph (haemocyte number, efficiency of phagocytosis and haemocyte activity) and assessment of oxidative(More)
In the past decades, reports on bivalves' pathogens and associated mortalities have steadily increased. To face pathogenic micro-organisms, bivalves rely on innate defenses established in hemocytes which are essentially based on phagocytosis and cytotoxic reactions. As a step towards a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the mussel(More)
This study aims at examining the morphological, functional and molecular responses of Mytilus edulis hemocytes exposed to different strains of Gram-negative bacteria Vibrio splendidus (a virulent strain V. splendidus LGP32, V. splendidus LGP32 Δvsm without metalloprotease and an environmental type strain V. splendidus 7SHRW) at a 1:3 ratio for 2, 4, and 6(More)
A temperature decrease usually induces an ordering effect in membrane phospholipids that can lead to membrane dysfunction. Ectotherms typically counteract this temperature effect by remodeling membrane lipids as stipulated in the homeoviscous adaptation theory (HVA). Previous studies mostly focused on the remodeling of membrane lipids during long-term(More)
Mussels are widespread in coastal environments and experience various physical, chemical, and bacteriological conditions. Owing to the increase of coastal urbanization, mussels are now commonly exposed not only to indigenous bacteria, but also to enteric bacteria originating from pulsed and chronic sewage discharges into coastal environments. Due to its(More)
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