Sophie E Yeo

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CONTEXT It has been difficult to distinguish the independent effects of caloric restriction versus exercise training on insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE Utilizing metabolic feeding and supervised exercise training, we examined the influence of caloric restriction vs. exercise training with and without weight loss on hepatic and peripheral insulin resistance.(More)
Both carbohydrate (CHO) and caffeine have been used as ergogenic aids during exercise. It has been suggested that caffeine increases intestinal glucose absorption, but there are also suggestions that it may decrease muscle glucose uptake. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of caffeine on exogenous CHO oxidation. In a randomized crossover(More)
PURPOSE The effect of different quantities of carbohydrate (CHO) intake on CHO metabolism during prolonged exercise was examined in endurance-trained females. METHOD On four occasions, eight females performed 2 h of cycling at approximately 60% .VO2max with ingestion of beverages containing low (LOW, 0.5 g.min(-1)), moderate (MOD, 1.0 g.min(-1)), or high(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have identified relationships between subcutaneous abdominal fat (SAF), visceral fat (VF), and insulin resistance. In addition, lower muscle attenuation and decreased adiponectin have also been associated with insulin resistance. METHODS In order to define these relationships within a group of older, obese adults, we studied 48(More)
Body fatness and its distribution are strongly and independently associated with peripheral insulin action. However, these associations are limited in their ability to predict the independent nature of hepatic and peripheral insulin resistance, especially in obese women. To define the relationships more precisely between regional fat distribution and(More)
The International Conference on Population Development (ICPD) Program of Action comprehensively covers a wide range of demographic and social issues by setting goals to be achieved over a period of 20 years. Since its initial implementation, population issues have been fundamentally linked with the countries' prospects for sustainable development. In the(More)
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