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INTRODUCTION Our objectives were to determine the causes of acute respiratory failure (ARF) in elderly patients and to assess the accuracy of the initial diagnosis by the emergency physician, and that of the prognosis. METHOD In this prospective observational study, patients were included if they were admitted to our emergency department, aged 65 years or(More)
OBJECTIVE Differentiating cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) from respiratory causes of dyspnea is particularly difficult in elderly patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients older than 65 years presenting with acute dyspnea. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Medical emergency department of a 2000-bed(More)
OBJECTIVES Differentiating cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) from respiratory causes of dyspnea is difficult in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to compare the usefulness of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and amino-terminal fragment BNP (proBNP), to diagnose CPE in patients aged 65 and older. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Medical(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared the usefulness of plasma N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide and troponin I levels for risk stratification of patients with pulmonary embolism. METHODS This was a prospective study performed in an emergency department. N-terminal-B-type natriuretic peptide assay and troponin I were performed blindly at admission in patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess in clinical practice the accuracy of a referent d-dimer enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the exclusion of venous thromboembolic disease (VTED). PATIENTS AND METHODS An observational prospective study took place in an emergency department; 205 consecutive outpatients suspected of having VTED were included.(More)
There is a natural physiological decline in pulmonary function and the cardiovascular system with age. In emergency medicine, acute dyspnoea is a common problem among elderly patients. Some causes, such as pulmonary embolism and diastolic heart failure, are probably under-diagnosed. A good clinical history and examination are as important as arterial blood(More)
BACKGROUND Gemella morbillorum is an anaerobic to aerotolerant Gram positive coccus. It is considered a member of the normal upper respiratory tract flora including the oropharynx and also the gastro-intestinal and female genital tract. However severe infections are reported like endocarditis, septic shock and septic arthritis, more often in(More)
In order to demonstrate the variability of the muco-cutaneous and neurovegetative signs and symptoms of Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS), we report the cases of five out of 80 patients suffering from this complex oro-facial syndrome. In the majority of our patients the major symptoms, and in particular recurrent labial or intraoral swellings and/or(More)
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