Sophie Berland

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In vivo and in vitro studies provide strong evidence of the osteogenic activity of nacre obtained from Pinctada maxima. The in vitro studies indicate that diffusible factors from nacre are involved in cell stimulation. The water-soluble matrix (WSM) was extracted from nacre by a non-decalcifying process, and four fractions (SE(1)-SE(4)) were separated by(More)
The defective areas in the premolar-molar region of maxillary alveolar bone of eight patients were reconstructed using powdered nacre from the giant oyster Pinctada maxima. Histological, microradiographic and polarized light studies of drill biopsies taken 6 months postoperatively showed that nacre was tightly bound to newly-formed bone. The nacre was(More)
The nacre (mother of pearl) layer of the oyster Pinctada maxima shell can initiate bone formation by human osteoblasts in vivo and in vitro and is a new biomaterial that induces osteogenesis. This activity of nacre could be due to its water-soluble matrix. We examined the action of a water-soluble extract of nacre on the osteoblast phenotype of cells(More)
There is frequently a loss of vertebral bone due to disease or aging. Nacre (mother of pearl from the oyster Pinctada maxima) stimulates bone cell differentiation and bone formation in vitro and in vivo. Experimental bone defects were prepared in the vertebrae of sheep and used to test the suitability of nacre as an injectable osteogenic biomaterial for(More)
Nacre of Pinctada margaritifera displays a number of interesting biological activities on bone, mainly concentrated in a water-soluble organic matrix representing 0.24% of the nacre weight. Dialysis of that matrix through 8 kDa and 1 kDa cut-off membranes showed that 60% of it is made of small molecules of molecular masses below 1 kDa. Reversed-phase(More)
Members of the Myidae family are ecologically and economically important, but there is currently very little molecular data on these species. The present study sequenced and assembled the mantle transcriptome of Mya truncata from the North West coast of Scotland and identified candidate biomineralisation genes. RNA-Seq reads were assembled to create 20,106(More)
Organic matrix from molluscan shells has the potential to regulate calcium carbonate deposition and crystallization. Control of crystal growth thus seems to depend on control of matrix protein secretion or activation processes in the mantle cells, about which little is known. Biomineralization is a highly orchestrated biological process. The aim of this(More)
Shell matrix proteins from Pinctada margaritifera were characterized by combining proteomics analysis of shell organic extracts and transcript sequences, both obtained from the shell-forming cell by using the suppression subtractive hybridization method (SSH) and from an expressed sequence tag (EST) database available from Pinctada maxima mantle tissue.(More)
Raw nacre implants persist even after 9 months of implantation into bone tissue in sheep. However the nacre surface undergoes a limited biodegradation process. Smooth-surfaced nacre implants were seen to become microporous after implantation. The results of these long-term, in vivo studies show that the overall process involves bone-resorbing cells, relies(More)
This study compares the osteogenic effects of nacre and autogenous bone grafts in a rabbit model of lumbar spine transverse process arthrodesis. A total of 15 rabbits were processed for arthrodesis between the fifth and sixth lumbar vertebrae using nacre powder mixed with autologous blood or autogenous iliac crest bone. Control rabbits were sham operated.(More)