Sophie Beltran

Learn More
Schistosomes are endoparasites causing a serious human disease called schistosomiasis. The quantification of parasite genetic diversity is an essential component to understand the schistosomiasis epidemiology and disease transmission patterns. In this paper, we propose a novel assay for a rapid, low costly and efficient DNA extraction method of egg, larval(More)
Schistosoma mansoni is an endoparasite causing a serious human disease called schistosomiasis. The quantification of parasite genetic diversity is an essential component to understand schistosomiasis epidemiology and disease transmission patterns but some studies on parasite genetic diversity are performed using parasite laboratory strains. However, a(More)
Schistosomes are the cause of the most significant helminth disease of humans. Their unusual sexual biology is intriguing. Instead of being hermaphroditic, as is the rule in other trematode species, they are gonochoric. Furthermore, their mating system is considered to be monogamous, a characteristic shared by only 1% of living species, and their sex ratio(More)
Schistosomes represent a unique animal model for comparative analyses of monogamy. Indeed, schistosomes are classified at the lowest taxonomical level of monogamous species and lack complex social interactions, which could alter our understanding of their unusual mating system. Elements discussed here include the fact that monogamy in schistosomes could be(More)
BACKGROUND Correlational studies strongly suggest that both genetic similarity and heterozygosity can influence female mate choice. However, the influence of each variable has usually been tested independently, although similarity and heterozygosity might be correlated. We experimentally determined the relative influence of genetic similarity and(More)
Monogamy is a mating system with pairs made of only one male and only one female. But social monogamy cannot inevitably imply the sexual exclusivity between mates, which is yet the case in genetic monogamy on which the offspring results only from the observed pair. The genetic monogamy is today considered as an exception in monogamous animals but the(More)
Schistosomes are gonochoric blood parasites with a complex life cycle responsible for a disease of considerable medical and veterinary importance in tropical and subtropical regions. Understanding the evolution of schistosome genetic diversity is clearly of fundamental importance to interpreting schistosomiasis epidemiology and disease transmission patterns(More)
Host exploitation induces host defence responses and competition between parasites, resulting in individual parasites facing highly variable environments. Alternative life strategies may thus be expressed in context-dependent ways, depending on which host species is used and intra-host competition between parasites. Coitocaecum parvum (Trematode) can use(More)
Emerging methods of massive sequencing that allow for rapid re-sequencing of entire genomes at comparably low cost are changing the way biological questions are addressed in many domains. Here we propose a novel method to compare two genomes (genome-to-genome comparison). We used this method to identify sex-specific sequences of the human blood fluke(More)
“Divorce” (mate switching) rate is known to vary largely both between and within socially monogamous species. Although the adult sex ratio can have an important influence on mating patterns, very few studies have investigated the influence of sex ratio on divorce rate in monogamous species, and even less so from an experimental point of view. In addition,(More)