Sophie Barbe

Learn More
We report the 1.7 Å resolution crystal structure of the Lip2 lipase from Yarrowia lipolytica in its closed conformation. The Lip2 structure is highly homologous to known structures of the fungal lipase family (Thermomyces lanuginosa, Rhizopus niveus, and Rhizomucor miehei lipases). However, it also presents some unique features that are described and(More)
Proteins are chains of simple molecules called amino acids. The three-dimensional shape of a protein and its amino acid composition define its biological function. Over millions of years, living organisms have evolved a large catalog of proteins. By exploring the space of possible amino acid sequences, protein engineering aims at similarly designing(More)
The specific activity of the human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), integrase on the viral long terminal repeat requires the binding of the enzyme to certain sequences located in the U3 and U5 regions at the ends of viral DNA, but the determinants of this specific DNA-protein recognition are not yet completely understood. We synthesized DNA duplexes(More)
Amylosucrases are sucrose-utilizing α-transglucosidases that naturally catalyze the synthesis of α-glucans, linked exclusively through α1,4-linkages. Side products and in particular sucrose isomers such as turanose and trehalulose are also produced by these enzymes. Here, we report the first structural and biophysical characterization of the most(More)
Large-scale conformational rearrangement of a lid subdomain is a key event in the interfacial activation of many lipases. We present herein a study in which the large-scale "open-to-closed" movement of Burkholderia cepacia lipase lid has been simulated at the atomic level using a hybrid computational method. The two-stage approach combines path-planning(More)
MOTIVATION The main challenge for structure-based computational protein design (CPD) remains the combinatorial nature of the search space. Even in its simplest fixed-backbone formulation, CPD encompasses a computationally difficult NP-hard problem that prevents the exact exploration of complex systems defining large sequence-conformation spaces. RESULTS(More)
Enantiomer discrimination by enzymes is a very accurate mechanism, which often involves few amino acids located at the active site. Lipase isoforms from Candida rugosa are very good enzymatic models to study this phenomenon as they display high sequence homology (>80%) and their enantioselectivity is often pointed out. In the present work, we investigated(More)
In Computational Protein Design (CPD), assuming a rigid backbone and amino-acid rotamer library, the problem of finding a sequence with an optimal conformation is NP-hard. In this paper, using Dunbrack's rotamer library and Talaris2014 decomposable energy function, we use an exact deterministic method combining branch and bound, arc consistency, and(More)
This study is focused on the elucidation of the functional role of the mobile β2α2 loop in the α-L-arabinofuranosidase from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus, and particularly on the roles of loop residues H98 and W99. Using site-directed mutagenesis, coupled to characterization methods including isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and saturation transfer(More)