Sophie Béliard

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BACKGROUND Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (heFH) is an autosomal disease that affects about 1/500 people. It is characterized by markedly elevated plasma LDL-cholesterol (C) levels and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to measure changes in LDL-C levels in heFH patients over two decades, and to evaluate(More)
OBJECTIVE Bcl-x is the most abundantly expressed member of the Bcl-2 gene family in macrophages, but its role in macrophage apoptosis during atherogenesis is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We previously reported dual pro- and antiatherogenic effects of macrophage survival in early versus advanced atherosclerotic lesions, respectively, potentially reflecting(More)
OBJECTIVE Overproduction of intestinally derived apoB-48-containing triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) (chylomicrons) has recently been described in type 2 diabetes, as is known for hepatic TRL-apoB-100 (very-low-density lipoprotein) production. Furthermore, insulin acutely inhibits both intestinal and hepatic TRL production, whereas this acute(More)
New Zeland Black (NZB) mice develop an autoimmune disease involving an abnormal B cell response to peripheral self Ags. This disease is associated with defects in other cell types and thymic stromal organization. We present evidence that NZB cells of various lineages, including thymocytes, fibroblasts, and dendritic precursor cells, show impaired(More)
OBJECTIVE The dyslipidemia of obesity and other insulin-resistant states is characterized by the elevation of plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) of both hepatic (apoB-100-containing very low-density lipoprotein) and intestinal (apoB-48-containing chylomicrons) origin. Bariatric surgery is a well-established and effective modality for the treatment(More)
AIMS To determine plasma levels of apoprotein (apo) C-II and apoprotein C-III in Type 2 diabetic patients and to examine the clinical and biological factors that are associated with elevated apoC concentrations. METHODS We measured apoC-II and apoC-III in total plasma and in non-high-density lipoprotein fractions by an immunoturbidimetric assay in 88(More)
Since a few years, an increasing number of cases of atypical neuroleptic-associated diabetes are reported in the literature. But few are dedicated to diabetologists. We report here two cases of patients with a severe deterioration of preexisting diabetes, with clozapine for the first case report and olanzapine for the second one. We also make a literature(More)
Scleredema of Buschke or scleredema diabetorum is a skin complication of diabetes with deposits of collagen and aminoglycans in the dermis. This disease characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin, is usually localized in nape, back and shoulder areas. Consequences could be a decrease in motility of the shoulders and an impairment of respiratory(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of our study was to develop and validate a short food frequency questionnaire which could assess the nutritional lifestyles of hypercholesterolemic patients consulting in daily practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS The questionnaire explores 11 nutrient categories. Hundred and thirty-one patients were recruited for the construct validity(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that fasting apoprotein B-48 level might be a surrogate marker of postprandial lipemia in evaluating the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a population without frank abnormality in fasting lipid profile. One hundred twenty-three patients tested by coronary angiography were selected on the criteria of(More)