Sophia W.M. Bruggeman

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The three-dimensional organization of chromosomes within the nucleus and its dynamics during differentiation are largely unknown. To visualize this process in molecular detail, we generated high-resolution maps of genome-nuclear lamina interactions during subsequent differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells via lineage-committed neural precursor cells(More)
The Polycomb group (PcG) gene Bmi1 promotes cell proliferation and stem cell self-renewal by repressing the Ink4a/Arf locus. We used a genetic approach to investigate whether Ink4a or Arf is more critical for relaying Bmi1 function in lymphoid cells, neural progenitors, and neural stem cells. We show that Arf is a general target of Bmi1, however(More)
Proteins from the Polycomb group (PcG) are epigenetic chromatin modifiers involved in cancer development and also in the maintenance of embryonic and adult stem cells. The therapeutic potential of stem cells and the growing conviction that tumors contain stem cells highlights the importance of understanding the extrinsic and intrinsic circuitry controlling(More)
The Polycomb group and oncogene Bmi1 is required for the proliferation of various differentiated cells and for the self-renewal of stem cells and leukemic cancer stem cells. Repression of the Ink4a/Arf locus is a well described mechanism through which Bmi1 can exert its proliferative effects. However, we now demonstrate in an orthotopic transplantation(More)
In mouse and human neural progenitor and glioblastoma "stem-like" cells, we identified key targets of the Polycomb-group protein BMI1 by combining ChIP-seq with in vivo RNAi screening. We discovered that Bmi1 is important in the cellular response to the transforming growth factor-β/bone morphogenetic protein (TGF-β/BMP) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress(More)
The balance between self-renewal and differentiation of adult stem cells is essential for tissue homeostasis. Here we show that in the haematopoietic system this process is governed by polycomb chromobox (Cbx) proteins. Cbx7 is specifically expressed in haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), and its overexpression enhances self-renewal and induces leukaemia.(More)
PURPOSE To develop a transgenic mouse model of glioma that can be conveniently used for testing therapy intervention strategies. High-grade glioma is a devastating and uniformly fatal disease for which better therapy is urgently needed. Typical for high-grade glioma is that glioma cells infiltrate extensively into surrounding pivotal brain structures,(More)
The function of the glutathione-related detoxification system plays an important role to ensure an uncomplicated pregnancy outcome. This study was performed to investigate whether the components of the glutathione-related detoxification system are equally distributed among the different cotelydons in the human placenta. We measured glutathione, cysteine,(More)
Nucleoporin 88 kDa (Nup88) is a tumor marker, overexpressed in various types of cancer. In Drosophila Nup88 (mbo) was reported to selectively mediate the nucleocytoplasmic transport of NF-kappaB, an ubiquitous transcription factor involved in immune responses, apoptosis, and cancer. We addressed the function of Nup88 in mammalian cells. Selective depletion(More)
BACKGROUND Neural cells deficient for Polycomb group (PcG) protein Bmi1 are impaired in the formation and differentiation of high grade glioma, an incurable cancer of the brain. It was shown that mechanisms involved in cell adhesion and migration were specifically affected in these tumors. METHODS Using biochemical and cell biological approaches, we(More)