Sophia Papadakis

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BACKGROUND Excessive consumption of dietary sodium is an important public health issue. Little is known about the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to sodium consumption among Canadians. OBJECTIVE To examine knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to sodium consumption among a sample of Canadians 35 to 50 years of age. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Secondary prevention through cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been recommended for most patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Although generally reimbursed for 3 months, to date, optimal CR program duration and frequency of patient contact has yet to be identified. This study compared standard (33 sessions for 3 months) versus distributed(More)
BACKGROUND The CardioFit Internet-based expert system was designed to promote physical activity in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) who were not participating in cardiac rehabilitation. DESIGN This randomized controlled trial compared CardioFit to usual care to assess its effects on physical activity following hospitalization for acute coronary(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors in the population necessitates investment in the design and delivery of effective population-level interventions to prevent and enhance the management of CHD. This review examines the approaches that have been central to the design and delivery of previous, seminal(More)
Few studies have examined how school characteristics are associated with obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the student- and school-level characteristics associated with being overweight and obese among 12,049 students in grades 9 and 10 (junior students) attending 76 secondary schools in Ontario, Canada. The sample was 49.2% female and the(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the relative cost-effectiveness of different secondary prevention cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program designs or how cost-effectiveness is influenced by patient clinical and demographic characteristics. The purpose of the study was (i) to evaluate the incremental cost-effectiveness of a standard 3-month CR program (SCR)(More)
OBJECTIVES A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate evidence-based strategies for increasing the delivery of smoking cessation treatments in primary care clinics. METHODS The review included studies published before January 1, 2009. The pooled odds-ratio (OR) was calculated for intervention group versus control group for(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about physical activity levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who are not engaged in cardiac rehabilitation. We explored the trajectory of physical activity after hospitalization for CAD, and examined the effects of demographic, medical, and activity-related factors on the trajectory. DESIGN A prospective cohort(More)
BACKGROUND Economic evaluation is an important tool in the evaluation of competing healthcare interventions. Little is known about the economic benefits of different cardiac rehabilitation program delivery models. DESIGN The goal of this study was to review and evaluate the methodological quality of published economic evaluations of cardiac rehabilitation(More)
INTRODUCTION Parents have a fundamental role in promoting the healthy weight of their children. OBJECTIVES To determine parental perceptions of their child's body weight, eating and physical activity (PA) behaviours, and to test a predictive model of parental perceptions regarding their child's PA and healthy eating behaviours. METHODS A random-digit(More)