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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sensitivity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of conventional MR imaging in predicting glioma grade are not high. Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) measurements derived from perfusion MR imaging and metabolite ratios from proton MR spectroscopy are useful in predicting glioma grade. We evaluated(More)
Dynamic contrast agent-enhanced perfusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides physiologic information that complements the anatomic information available with conventional MR imaging. Analysis of dynamic data from perfusion MR imaging, based on tracer kinetic theory, yields quantitative estimates of cerebral blood volume that reflect the underlying(More)
PURPOSE The prognostic role of extent of resection (EOR) of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) is a major controversy. We designed a retrospective study to assess the influence of EOR on long-term outcomes of LGGs. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study population (N = 216) included adults undergoing initial resection of hemispheric LGG. Region-of-interest analysis was(More)
Neural stem cells with astrocyte-like characteristics exist in the human brain subventricular zone (SVZ), and these cells may give rise to glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). We therefore analyzed MRI features of GBMs in specific relation to the SVZ. We reviewed the preoperative and serial postoperative MR images of 53 patients with newly diagnosed GBM. The(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of T2*-weighted echo-planar perfusion imaging by using a first-pass gadopentetate dimeglumine technique to determine the association of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps with histopathologic grading of astrocytomas and to improve the accuracy of targeting of stereotactic biopsy. MATERIALS(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether perfusion-weighted and proton spectroscopic MR imaging can be used to differentiate high-grade primary gliomas and solitary metastases on the basis of differences in vascularity and metabolite levels in the peritumoral region. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-one patients with a solitary brain tumor (33 gliomas, 18 metastases)(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether cerebral blood volume (CBV), peak height (PH), and percentage of signal intensity recovery (PSR) measurements derived from the results of T2-weighted dynamic susceptibility-weighted contrast material-enhanced (DSC) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging performed after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) can be used to distinguish(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and single brain metastasis (MET) are the 2 most common malignant brain tumors that can appear similar on anatomic imaging but require vastly different treatment strategy. The purpose of our study was to determine whether the peak height and the percentage of signal intensity recovery derived from dynamic(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the potential value and relationship of in vivo quantification of apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and T2 relaxation times for characterizing brain tumor cellularity and tumor-related edema. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 26 patients with newly diagnosed gliomas, meningiomas, or metastases underwent diffusion-weighted and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is an advanced MR technique that describes the movement of water molecules by using two metrics, mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA), which represent the magnitude and directionality of water diffusion, respectively. We hypothesize that alterations in these values within the tissue(More)