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The vocal folds (VFs) are connective tissues with complex matrix structures that provide the required mechanical properties for voice generation. VF injury leads to changes in tissue structure and properties, resulting in reduced voice quality. However, injury-induced biochemical changes and repair in scarred VF tissues have not been well characterized to(More)
Diesel particulate matter (DPM) possesses the potential to induce acute and chronic health issues upon occupational and daily exposure. Many recent studies have focused on understanding molecular mechanisms to depict DPM's side effects inside the lung using static in vitro cell culture models. These studies have provided abundant fundamental information on(More)
Recent discoveries of various forms of carbon nanostructure have stimulated research on their applications and hold promise for applications in medicine and other related engineering areas. Although carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are already being produced on a massive scale, few studies have been performed which test the potential harmful effects of this new(More)
Ventilator-induced lung overdistension has been a growing concern in the management of mechanically ventilated patients. Mechanical ventilation triggers or enhances the net inflammatory and tissue remodeling activities. Although it has been shown that proinflammatory and tissue remodeling factors play important roles during airway remodeling, the interplay(More)
Hierarchical hollow spheres of Fe2 O3 @polyaniline are fabricated by template-free synthesis of iron oxides followed by a post in- and exterior construction. A combination of large surface area with porous structure, fast ion/electron transport, and mechanical integrity renders this material attractive as a lithium-ion anode, showing superior rate(More)
BACKGROUND Silver has long been known to have antimicrobial activity. To incorporate this property into multiple applications, a silver-impregnated cellulose (SIC) with low cytotoxicity to human cells was developed. SIC differs from other silver treatment methods in that the leaching of silver particles is non-existent and the release of ionic silver is(More)
There has been an increasing interest in the development and applications of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) due to their huge potential in industrial and medical applications, but the toxicological properties of these materials have not been well characterized, especially the effects of nanoparticle exposure under different conditions on cellular responses.(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Rapid increase in multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) production for their industrial and biomedical applications has led to concerns over the effects of MWCNTs on human health and the environment. Both animal and in vitro studies have provided important findings about MWCNT-induced effects on the lung cells or tissues. In vitro(More)
Normal and malignant mammary epithelial cells were studied using laboratory measurements, wavelet analysis, and numerical simulations of monolayer cell cultures to determine whether microscopic breast cancer can be detected in vitro with high-frequency ultrasound. Pulse-echo waveforms were acquired by immersing a broadband, unfocused 50-MHz transducer in(More)