Soong-Nang Jang

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Marital status is a robust predictor of health outcomes in Western populations. However, data from Asian cultures remain sparse, and some studies suggest marked gender differences in the health benefits of marriage among Asian populations. We investigated the influence of marital status on depressive symptoms in older adult Koreans. Data were obtained from(More)
OBJECTIVE . This study examined the differential impact of social roles and socioeconomic resources on the mental health of Korean men and women aged 65 years or older. METHODS The study sample was a weighted population of 930 people (905 survey samples) aged 65 years or older who had responded to the health behavior survey of the 2001 Korean National(More)
OBJECTIVE To design an aquatic exercise (AQE) and land-based exercise (LBE) program to enhance knee function and reduce body fat in patients with obesity and knee osteoarthritis and to investigate the effectiveness of AQE and LBE on body fat, functional fitness, and functional status. SETTING Outpatient clinic at a Seoul National University Bundang(More)
BACKGROUND Grip strength, walking speed, chair rising and standing balance time are objective measures of physical capability that characterise current health and predict survival in older populations. Socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood may influence the peak level of physical capability achieved in early adulthood, thereby affecting levels in later(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examines the impact of social ties on the relationship between widowhood and depressive symptoms among the older Korean population. METHOD Data were derived from the baseline survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. The sample consisted of 1,953 men and 2,469 women aged ≥60 years who were married and had at least 1 child.(More)
BACKGROUND Social participation contributes to better health and has been regarded as an important component of quality of life. Despite its importance, social participation significantly decreases as age advances. Social participation may vary by sex and age and, consequently, may have different influences on health by age and sex. Few studies have(More)
BACKGROUND A fall experienced by an elderly person is of special note because it appears to hold a reciprocal causal association with the fear of falling. This study attempts to determine the temporal relationship between the fear of falling and falling among community-dwelling elderly. METHODS Data on falls experienced during the previous three years(More)
Over the past century, the population of Korea has aged rapidly as a result of decreasing fertility and mortality. Furthermore, the percentage of the population aged 65 and older is expected to double from 7% to 14% within 18 years, a much shorter doubling period than in most other developed countries. As Korean society ages, interest in healthy and(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the association between employment status and depressive symptoms among Korean individuals according to age and gender. METHODS Data were obtained from a subsample of 3,907 men and 4,914 women aged 45 years and older without any severe disabilities who participated in the 2006 cross-sectional baseline survey of the Korean(More)
OBJECTIVES A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine theprevalence of osteoporosis and to evaluate the effects of body composition, health behaviors and reproductive history on bone density in postmenopausal women. METHODS The study subjects were 362 postmenopausal women, aged 45 years old or over, who were invited to the(More)