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BACKGROUND It is well established that the survival rate of diabetic end-stage renal disease patients remains the lowest among all primary diagnoses probably because of higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) associated with diabetes. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of CVD and other risk factors individually or in combination on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The recently published Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) proposed a split system for histological grading, based on prognostic pathological features. This new classification system must be validated in a variety of cohorts. We investigated whether these pathological features were applicable to an adult Korean population. (More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We hypothesized that inadequate angiogenic response in uremic patients could result from dysfunction of bone marrow-derived stromal cells [mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)]. METHODS We investigated whether MSCs are functionally competent in uremia(More)
BACKGROUND Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is a biomarker useful for detecting early tubular damage and has been recently reported as a useful marker for evaluating kidney injury in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We therefore investigated whether treatment decreases urinary KIM-1 excretion in IgAN. METHODS We prospectively enrolled 37 patients with(More)
A 34-yr-old female was diagnosed as being brain dead. Preoperative ultrasound revealed no abnormal focal lesions. However, the horseshoe kidney was identified during organ harvest. En bloc nephrectomy was performed. The kidney was divided at the midline of isthmus. The divided right kidney was discarded due to numerous arteries and veins. The divided left(More)
BACKGROUND Renovascular hypertension (RVH) impairs cardiac structure and left ventricular (LV) function, but whether mitochondrial injury is implicated in RVH-induced myocardial damage and dysfunction has not been defined. We hypothesized that cardiac remodeling in swine RVH is partly attributable to cardiac mitochondrial injury. METHODS AND RESULTS After(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Dear Editor: Classic Kaposi's sarcoma (CKS) is one of(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Fig. 1. (A) Discrete and oval shaped scattered(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS While surgical resection remains the standard of care in the treatment of upper urinary tract malignancies, nephrectomy is a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to determine whether histologic evaluation of non-neoplastic kidney could enable early identification of unrecognized kidney(More)