Soom Nath Raina

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The commercial multiplication of a large number of diverse plant species represents one of the major success stories of urilizing tissue culture technology profitably. Micropropagation has now become a multibillion dollar industry, practised all over the world. Of the various methods used to micropropagate plants, somatic embryogenesis and enhanced axillary(More)
RAPD markers were used to assess genetic fidelity of 23 micropropagated plants of a single clone (L34) of Populus deltoides. Eleven arbitrary 10-base primers were successfully used to amplify DNA from in vivo and in vitro material. Of these, 5 distinguished a total of 13 polymorphisms common across 6 micropropagated plants. Apart from these 6 plants, the(More)
An efficient in vitro propagation method using enhanced axillary branching cultures produced plants from nodal explants of three mature, elite tea clones: diploid UPASI 26 and UPASI 27 (2n=2x=30) representing Camellia sinensis (China type) and triploid UPASI 3 (2n=3x=45) representing C. assamica ssp. assamica (Assam-India type). The genetic fidelity of the(More)
Carthamus tinctorius (2n = 2x = 24) (family Asteraceae), commonly known as safflower, is widely cultivated in agricultural production systems of Asia, Europe, Australia and the Americas as a source of high-quality vegetable and industrial oil. India ranks first in the production of safflower oil. Fourteen cultivars, widely cultivated in various(More)
Abstract: Twenty-one random and 29 SSR primers were used to assess genetic variation and interrelationships among subspecies and botanical varieties of cultivated peanut, Arachis hypogaea (2n = 4x = 40), and phylogenetic relationships among cultivated peanut and wild species of the genus Arachis. In contrast with the previous generalization that peanut(More)
Molecular phylogeny based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences was studied to resolve the taxonomic contradiction in Vigna and its relation to Phaseolus. The ITS region of the 18S-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA repeat was sequenced for 29 Vigna species, selected from five of the nine subgenera, and 9 species of Phaseolus. The length of ITS-1 ranged(More)
The 2C nuclear DNA amounts were determined for 99 accessions, representing 23 Arachis species from 8 of 9 taxonomic sections, and two synthetic amphidiploids. Mean 2C DNA amounts varied by 15.20%, ranging from 10.26 to 11.82 pg, between accessions of Arachis hypogaea (2n = 4x = 40). Nuclear DNA content variation (5.33-5.91 pg) was also detected among(More)
A major component of the plant nuclear genome is constituted by different classes of repetitive DNA sequences. The structural, functional and evolutionary aspects of the satellite repetitive DNA families, and their organization in the chromosomes is reviewed. The tandem satellite DNA sequences exhibit characteristic chromosomal locations, usually at(More)
The multipronged nuclear DNA assay by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting, ribosomal DNA repeat unit length polymorphism, internal transcribed sequence (ITS) RFLP, and comparative sequence analysis of ITS and external transcribed sequence (ETS) regions of the 29 accessions belonging to 18 Carthamus taxa including five unverified species(More)
The most-important vetch species, Vicia narbonensis (narbon vetch, section Faba), Vicia villosa (hairy vetch, section Cracca) and Vicia sativa (common vetch, section Vicia) and their close relatives (often difficult to circumscribe into distinct taxa) constitute respectively, Narbonensis, Villosa and Sativa species complexes in the genus Vicia. The(More)