Sook Wern Chua

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The translocator protein (TSPO) recently emerged as a potential drug target in Alzheimer's disease (AD). This has been fuelled mainly by positron emission topography studies that show the upregulation of TSPO in AD, especially in relation to microgliosis and astrogliosis in amyloid-β and tau pathology. Although data as to the exact role of TSPO in AD is(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most common motor neuron disease and familial ALS accounts for 10% of cases. The identification of familial ALS mutations in the actin-binding protein profilin 1 directly implicates actin dynamics and regulation in the pathogenesis of ALS. The mechanism by which these mutations cause ALS is unknown. In this study(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, the microtubule-associated protein tau forms intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). A critical step in the formation of NFTs is the conversion of soluble tau into insoluble filaments. Accordingly, a current therapeutic strategy in clinical trials is aimed at preventing tau aggregation. Here, we assessed altenusin, a bioactive(More)
Amyloid-β (Aβ) toxicity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is considered to be mediated by phosphorylated tau protein. In contrast, we found that, at least in early disease, site-specific phosphorylation of tau inhibited Aβ toxicity. This specific tau phosphorylation was mediated by the neuronal p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase p38γ and interfered with(More)
A series of N-substituted 4-azahexacyclo[5.4.1.0(2,6).0(3,10).0(5,9).0(8,11)]dodecan-3-ols incorporating the respective arylalkyl subunits from several known sigma (σ) receptor ligands were synthesized and evaluated for their affinity against σ receptors and dopamine receptors. The hybrid trishomocubane-derived ligands (4-6) showed good selectivity for σ(1)(More)
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