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PURPOSE The Avastin in Gastric Cancer (AVAGAST) trial was a multinational, randomized, placebo-controlled trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of adding bevacizumab to capecitabine-cisplatin in the first-line treatment of advanced gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients received bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg or placebo followed by cisplatin 80 mg/m(2) on(More)
BACKGROUND The CLASSIC trial was done to compare adjuvant capecitabine plus oxaliplatin versus observation after D2 gastrectomy for patients with stage II or III gastric cancer. The planned interim analysis of CLASSIC (median follow-up 34 months) showed that adjuvant capecitabine plus oxaliplatin significantly improved disease-free survival, the primary(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical usefulness of the seventh Union Internationale Contre le Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC/UICC) staging system vs the sixth AJCC/UICC staging system in patients with gastric cancer. STUDY DESIGN Included were 1,799 patients who underwent surgery for gastric cancer between(More)
Gastric cancer is classified into intestinal and diffuse types, the latter including a highly malignant form, linitis plastica. A two-stage genome-wide association study (stage 1: 85,576 SNPs on 188 cases and 752 references; stage 2: 2,753 SNPs on 749 cases and 750 controls) in Japan identified a significant association between an intronic SNP (rs2976392)(More)
Cetuximab is a monoclonal antibody targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). The present study investigated the association between germline genetic polymorphisms and the treatment outcome of cetuximab plus modified leucovovin, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX)6 chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). DNA from peripheral blood(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to identify the characteristics of patients with early gastric cancers that have skip metastases. BACKGROUND The possibility of lymph node metastasis is the most important factor to consider when deciding on the resection procedure for patients with early gastric cancer. METHODS From February 2003 through July 2008,(More)
BACKGROUND Self-expandable metallic stents are used widely to relieve malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). However, restenosis or migration of first stents is a frequent complication. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the effectiveness of second stents as an approach to manage failure of first stents in patients with(More)
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer globally, and is the second most common cause of death from cancer worldwide. About three-quarters of newly diagnosed cases in 2008 were from Asian countries. With a high mortality-to-incidence ratio, management of gastric cancer is challenging. We discuss evidence for optimum management of gastric cancer in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Two major types of gastric cancer, intestinal and diffuse, develop through distinct mechanisms; the diffuse type is considered to be more influenced by genetic factors, although the mechanism is unknown. Our previous genome-wide association study associated 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with diffuse-type gastric cancer (DGC); 1(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The best therapeutic modality has not been established for gastric low-grade adenomas or dysplasia (LGD), which can progress to invasive carcinoma despite a low risk. This study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy, safety, and local recurrence after argon plasma coagulation (APC) treatment of gastric LGD compared with endoscopic(More)