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The bZIP transcription factor C/EBPbeta is a target of Ras signaling that has been implicated in Ras-induced transformation and oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). To gain insights into Ras-C/EBPbeta signaling, we investigated C/EBPbeta activation by oncogenic Ras. We show that C/EBPbeta DNA binding is autorepressed and becomes activated by the(More)
A key challenge in molecular breeding of orchids is the creation of efficient and reproducible gene transformation systems. In this study, we report a new transformation method utilizing L-methionine sulfoximine (MSO) as a novel agent for selection of transgenic Dendrobium hybrids D. Madame Thong-In and D. Chao Praya Smile with the bialaphos resistance(More)
C/EBPβ is an important regulator of oncogene-induced senescence (OIS). Here, we show that C/EBPγ, a heterodimeric partner of C/EBPβ whose biological functions are not well understood, inhibits cellular senescence. Cebpg(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) proliferated poorly, entered senescence prematurely, and expressed a proinflammatory gene(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA) was coated onto a titanium (Ti) substrate with the insertion of a titania (TiO2) buffer layer by the sol-gel method. The HA layer was employed to enhance the bioactivity and osteoconductivity of the Ti substrate, and the TiO2 buffer layer was inserted to improve the bonding strength between the HA layer and Ti substrate, as well as to(More)
C/EBPβ is an auto-repressed protein that becomes post-translationally activated by Ras-MEK-ERK signalling. C/EBPβ is required for oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) of primary fibroblasts, but also displays pro-oncogenic functions in many tumour cells. Here, we show that C/EBPβ activation by H-Ras(V12) is suppressed in immortalized/transformed cells, but not(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (pX) is implicated in hepatocarcinogenesis of chronically infected HBV patients. To understand mechanism(s) of pX-mediated cellular transformation, we employed two tetracycline-regulated, pX-expressing cell lines, constructed in AML12 immortalized hepatocytes: one a differentiated (3pX-1) and the other a de-differentiated(More)
Signaling through Ras GTPases controls the activity of many transcription factors including CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBPbeta), which regulates oncogenic H-Ras(V12)-induced senescence and growth arrest. Here we report that C/EBPbeta (LAP) DNA binding is inhibited by N-terminal sequences and derepressed by oncogenic Ras signaling. Sequence and(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) synthesis in the rat cerebral cortex is induced by the beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist clenbuterol (CLE). Because NGF is a crucial neurotrophic factor for basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, defining the mechanisms that regulate its transcription is important for developing therapeutic strategies to treat pathologies of these(More)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (pX) is implicated in hepatocarcinogenesis by an unknown mechanism. pX variants encoded by HBV genomes found integrated in genomic DNA from liver tumors of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) generally lack amino acids 134 to 154. Since deregulation of mitogenic pathways is linked to oncogenic transformation,(More)
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