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Essential components of animal behaviour are modulated by dopaminergic (DA) and noradrenergic circuitry. In this study, we reveal at cellular resolution the complete set of projections ('projectome') of every single type of DA and noradrenergio neurons in the central nervous system of zebrafish larvae. The most extensive DA projections are established by(More)
To characterize the formation of the dopaminergic system in the developing zebrafish CNS, we cloned cDNAs encoding tyrosine hydroxylase (th), an enzyme in dopamine synthesis, and the dopamine transporter (dat), a membrane transport protein which terminates dopamine action by re-uptake. Dopaminergic neurons are first detected between 18 and 19 h(More)
Current models of vertebrate adult neural stem cells are largely restricted to the rodent forebrain. To extract the general mechanisms of neural stem cell biology, we sought to identify new adult stem cell populations, in other model systems and/or brain areas. The teleost zebrafish appears to be an ideal system, as cell proliferation in the adult zebrafish(More)
Direction selectivity (DS) is an important neuronal property in the visual system, but how DS is generated beyond the retina remains controversial. Here, we report a close correspondence between the preferred direction (PD) and the morphology of DS cells in the optic tectum. Ca(2+) imaging in cells expressing the genetically encoded Ca(2+) indicator GCaMP3(More)
Neurons that produce dopamine as a neurotransmitter constitute a heterogeneous group involved in the control of various behaviors and physiology. In mammals, dopaminergic neurons are found in distinct clusters mainly located in the ventral midbrain and the caudal forebrain [1]. Although much is known about midbrain dopaminergic neurons, development of(More)
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PHS) is a rare syndromic mental disorder, which is mainly characterized by severe motor and mental retardation including absent language development, a characteristic facial gestalt and episodes of hyperventilation. We report on a female patient with PHS showing severe mental retardation with absent speech, pronounced muscular(More)
Vertebrate dopaminergic neurons develop in distinct neural territories to constitute one of the major neuromodulatory systems. We have identified a zebrafish mutation in the bHLH-PAS family member arnt2, based on a strong reduction in cell number of specific dopaminergic neuron groups in the hypothalamus and posterior tuberculum. Knockdown of sim1 causes a(More)
The catecholamines dopamine and noradrenaline provide some of the major neuromodulatory systems with far-ranging projections in the brain and spinal cord of vertebrates. However, development of these complex systems is only partially understood. Zebrafish provide an excellent model for genetic analysis of neuronal specification and axonal projections in(More)
BACKGROUND A principal task of the visual system is to detect and classify moving objects in the visual environment. Information about the size of an object is critical for selecting appropriate behavioral responses. Object size is encoded in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) activity. Little is known, however, about how inputs from the multitude of RGC subtypes(More)
In multicellular organisms, the control of genome duplication and cell division must be tightly coordinated. Essential roles of the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins for genome duplication have been well established. However, no genetic model has been available to address the function of MCM proteins in the context of vertebrate organogenesis. Here,(More)