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Studies of bone and the immune system have converged in recent years under the banner of osteoimmunology. The immune system is spawned in the bone marrow reservoir, and investigators now recognize that important niches also exist there for memory lymphocytes. At the same time, various factors produced during immune responses are capable of profoundly(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK, also known as SNF1A) has been primarily studied as a metabolic regulator that is activated in response to energy deprivation. Although there is relatively ample information on the biochemical characteristics of AMPK, not enough data exist on the in vivo function of the kinase. Here, using the Drosophila model system, we(More)
TRANCE (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-related activation-induced cytokine) is a new member of the TNF family that is induced upon T cell receptor engagement and activates c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) after interaction with its putative receptor (TRANCE-R). In addition, TRANCE expression is restricted to lymphoid organs and T cells. Here, we show that high(More)
Signaling by receptor activator of NF-kappaB (nuclear factor-kappaB) ligand (RANKL) is essential for differentiation of bone marrow monocyte-macrophage lineage (BMM) cells into osteoclasts. Here, we show RANKL stimulation of BMM cells transiently increased the intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through a signaling cascade involving TNF(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) induces osteoclast formation from hematopoietic cells via regulation of various transcription factors. Here, we show that MafB negatively regulates RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation. Expression levels of MafB are significantly reduced by RANKL during osteoclastogenesis. Overexpression of MafB(More)
The effectiveness of a transanal drainage tube for the prevention of anastomotic leakage (AL) is still uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the impact of anal decompression on AL after rectal cancer surgery. We retrospectively reviewed 536 rectal cancer patients who underwent low anterior resection without diverting stoma, with (n = 154) or without (n(More)
This prospective study was performed to investigate whether postoperative ileus (POI) or early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) affects the development of adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) in patients undergoing colectomy. We prospectively enrolled 1,002 patients who underwent open colectomy by a single surgeon. POI was defined as the(More)
Drosophila has a primitive yet highly effective innate immune system. Although the infection-dependent activation mechanisms of the Drosophila immune system are well understood, its inhibitory regulation remains elusive. To find novel suppressors of the immune system, we performed a genetic screening for Drosophila mutants with hyperactivated immune(More)
Although p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) is known as an important downstream effector of the ribosomal protein S6 kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Ras/ERK) pathway, its endogenous role, and precise molecular function remain unclear. Using gain-of-function and null mutants of RSK, its physiological role was successfully characterized in(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor (TRAF)1 was originally identified based on its ability to interact with the cytosolic domain ofTNF receptor type 2 (TNFR2). TRAF1 is unique among TRAF proteins in that it lacks RING domain found in the N-terminal regions of other TRAFs. TRAF1 can associate with multiple TNFR family members and can also(More)