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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study is to assess information transmission between different cortical areas in schizophrenics by estimating the average cross mutual information (A-CMI) and to characterize the dynamical property of the cortical areas of schizophrenic patients from multi-channel EEG by establishing the auto mutual information (AMI). (More)
The goal of this study is to quantify and determine the way in which the emotional response to music is reflected in the electrical activities of the brain. When the power spectrum of sequences of musical notes is inversely proportional to the frequency on a log-log plot, we call it 1/f music. According to previous research, most listeners agree that 1/f(More)
BACKGROUND An understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying alcohol craving is important in the effective treatment of alcohol dependence. The aim of this study was to examine the utility of the electroencephalogram (EEG) to measure the changes in electrical brain activity of alcoholics when exposed to alcohol-specific cues. METHODS(More)
The supraspinatus is most frequently involved in shoulder pathology. However, the musculotendinous architecture of the supraspinatus has not been well documented. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the detailed three-dimensional architecture of the supraspinatus throughout its volume. Ten male formalin embalmed cadaveric specimens (mean(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if laparoscopic colectomy is safer and more effective than open colectomy in patients older than 80 years of age. METHODS An operating room database of all colectomies performed on patients >or=80 years, from January 2002 to September 2007, was analyzed retrospectively. Data reviewed included type of operation, type of resection,(More)
The electroencephalogram (EEG) is a multiscaled signal consisting of several time-series components each with different dominant frequency ranges and different origins. Nonlinear measures of the EEG reflect the complexity of the overall EEG, but not of each component in it. The aim of this study is to examine effect of the sound and light (SL) stimulation(More)
Architectural changes associated with tendon tears of the supraspinatus muscle (SP) have not been thoroughly investigated in vivo with the muscle in relaxed and contracted states. The purpose of this study was to quantify the geometric properties within the distinct regions of SP in subjects with full-thickness tendon tears using an ultrasound protocol(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the high sensitivity of screening colonoscopy, polyps and cancers can still go undetected. With the polyp-to-cancer transformation cycle averaging 7-10 years, present guidelines recommend repeat colonoscopy within 10 years after negative screening. However, not all colorectal malignancies follow this decade-long progression. This study(More)
Sleep deprivation can affect the waking electroencephalogram (EEG) that may reflect functional organization of the brain. We examined the effect of total sleep deprivation (TSD) on functional organization between different cortical areas from the waking EEG. Waking EEG data were recorded from 18 healthy male volunteers with eyes closed after 8-h night's(More)
Phytohormone balance is increasingly recognized as central to the outcome of plant–pathogen interactions. Differential screening for genes induced by a non-host pathogen in pepper plants (Capsicum annuum) identified a putative gibberellin 2-oxidase gene, CaGA2ox1. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence of CaGA2ox1 showed 53 and 50 % amino acid identity(More)