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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study is to assess information transmission between different cortical areas in schizophrenics by estimating the average cross mutual information (A-CMI) and to characterize the dynamical property of the cortical areas of schizophrenic patients from multi-channel EEG by establishing the auto mutual information (AMI). (More)
The goal of this study is to quantify and determine the way in which the emotional response to music is reflected in the electrical activities of the brain. When the power spectrum of sequences of musical notes is inversely proportional to the frequency on a log-log plot, we call it 1/f music. According to previous research, most listeners agree that 1/f(More)
Drosophila yakuba is widespread in Africa, whereas D. santomea, its newly discovered sister species, is endemic to the volcanic island of São Tomé in the Gulf of Guinea. Drosophila santomea probably formed after colonization of the island by a D. yakuba-like ancestor. The species presently have overlapping ranges on the mountain Pico do São Tomé, with some(More)
BACKGROUND An understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying alcohol craving is important in the effective treatment of alcohol dependence. The aim of this study was to examine the utility of the electroencephalogram (EEG) to measure the changes in electrical brain activity of alcoholics when exposed to alcohol-specific cues. METHODS(More)
The supraspinatus is most frequently involved in shoulder pathology. However, the musculotendinous architecture of the supraspinatus has not been well documented. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the detailed three-dimensional architecture of the supraspinatus throughout its volume. Ten male formalin embalmed cadaveric specimens (mean(More)
The electroencephalogram (EEG) is a multiscaled signal consisting of several time-series components each with different dominant frequency ranges and different origins. Nonlinear measures of the EEG reflect the complexity of the overall EEG, but not of each component in it. The aim of this study is to examine effect of the sound and light (SL) stimulation(More)
Sleep deprivation can affect the waking electroencephalogram (EEG) that may reflect functional organization of the brain. We examined the effect of total sleep deprivation (TSD) on functional organization between different cortical areas from the waking EEG. Waking EEG data were recorded from 18 healthy male volunteers with eyes closed after 8-h night's(More)
The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between linear and non-linear activities in human electroencephalograms (EEGs) by examining the linear lateral asymmetry index and the correlation dimension as a non-linear measure of complexity and to typify the characteristics of EEGs between schizophrenic patients and normal controls. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of total sleep deprivation (TSD) on brain functions with an identification procedure for strongly interactive brain regions, relying on functional cluster (FC) analysis in multichannel electroencephalogram (EEG) data. METHODS EEGs from 16 electrodes in 18 healthy, right-handed,(More)