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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study is to assess information transmission between different cortical areas in schizophrenics by estimating the average cross mutual information (A-CMI) and to characterize the dynamical property of the cortical areas of schizophrenic patients from multi-channel EEG by establishing the auto mutual information (AMI). (More)
The goal of this study is to quantify and determine the way in which the emotional response to music is reflected in the electrical activities of the brain. When the power spectrum of sequences of musical notes is inversely proportional to the frequency on a log-log plot, we call it 1/f music. According to previous research, most listeners agree that 1/f(More)
The supraspinatus is most frequently involved in shoulder pathology. However, the musculotendinous architecture of the supraspinatus has not been well documented. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the detailed three-dimensional architecture of the supraspinatus throughout its volume. Ten male formalin embalmed cadaveric specimens (mean(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if laparoscopic colectomy is safer and more effective than open colectomy in patients older than 80 years of age. METHODS An operating room database of all colectomies performed on patients >or=80 years, from January 2002 to September 2007, was analyzed retrospectively. Data reviewed included type of operation, type of resection,(More)
BACKGROUND An understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying alcohol craving is important in the effective treatment of alcohol dependence. The aim of this study was to examine the utility of the electroencephalogram (EEG) to measure the changes in electrical brain activity of alcoholics when exposed to alcohol-specific cues. METHODS(More)
Brain Respiration (BR)-training is a unique form of breathing exercise that develops potential ability by facilitating brain function. It is recognized as an effective method of improving the scholastic aptitude and emotional stability of children. The present study was designed to investigate the characteristics of the EEG during this training. Spectral(More)
Acne vulgaris is the most common disease of the pilosebaceous unit. The pathogenesis of this inflammatory disease is complex, involving increased sebum production and perifollicular inflammation. To identify effective agents for factors that induce acne vulgaris, we explored the pharmacological potential of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which has been(More)
 The electroencephalogram (EEG) is a multiscaled signal consisting of several time-series components each with different dominant frequency ranges and different origins. Nonlinear measures of the EEG reflect the complexity of the overall EEG, but not of each component in it. The aim of this study is to examine effect of the sound and light (SL) stimulation(More)
Phytohormone balance is increasingly recognized as central to the outcome of plant–pathogen interactions. Differential screening for genes induced by a non-host pathogen in pepper plants (Capsicum annuum) identified a putative gibberellin 2-oxidase gene, CaGA2ox1. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence of CaGA2ox1 showed 53 and 50 % amino acid identity(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of photic and auditory stimuli on brain functions in schizophrenics by investigating the functional cluster (FC) of EEGs. We recorded EEGs using 16 electrodes on 10 schizophrenic patients and on 10 normal controls during photic and auditory stimuli. We estimated FC would characterize the strongly(More)