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Bloom's syndrome (BS), a disorder associated with genomic instability and cancer predisposition, results from defects in the Bloom's helicase (BLM) protein. In BS cells, chromosomal abnormalities such as sister chromatid exchanges occur at highly elevated rates. Using Xenopus egg extracts, we have studied Xenopus BLM (Xblm) during both unperturbed and(More)
BACKGROUND In the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, each DNA replication origin is associated with an autonomously replicating sequence (ARS) element. Each element contains several modules, including an essential close match to the 11 base-pair (bp) ARS consensus sequence (ACS) and two or three short (< 20 bp) stimulatory motifs, within a stretch of(More)
BACKGROUND Some origins in eukaryotic chromosomes fire more frequently than others. In the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the relative firing frequencies of the three origins clustered 4-8 kbp upstream of the ura4 gene are controlled by a replication enhancer - an element that stimulates nearby origins in a relatively position-and(More)
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