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Most questionnaires designed to assess cognitive impairment among elderly people are constructed in the West, where literacy is high. However, such questionnaires may not be applicable in developing countries because of cultural differences or low literacy. The Elderly Cognitive Assessment Questionnaire (ECAQ) is derived from items in the Mini-Mental State(More)
This is a comparative study of the prevalence of dementia among elderly Chinese and Malay persons living in the community in Singapore. The subjects, aged 65 years and over, were all living in public housing estates. Two hundred elderly Chinese and 149 elderly Malay persons were interviewed. They were first screened for any cognitive deficit with the(More)
A case of psychosis due to idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP) has been followed for over 9 years. The optimal treatment for IHP psychosis was found to be a combination of ergocalciferol and fairly large doses of antipsychotic medication. In general, psychotic episodes occurred when there was hypocalcemia, hypercalcemia, or hypomagnesemia. Antipsychotic(More)
Trichotillomania is a chronic psychiatric condition characterised by uncontrollable, self-inflicted, hair pulling, resulting in noticeable hair loss. The hair pulling may occur anywhere on the body; with the scalp and eyelashes most commonly affected. Onset is often during childhood or early adolescence. Once presumed to be an obscure condition, the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Recent research has attempted combinations of instruments to improve screening accuracy for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer's disease (AD). We compared Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Immediate and Delayed Recall (Logical Memory I and II; LM-I and LM-II, respectively), a single-item informant report of memory(More)
OBJECTIVE Shortened versions of various depression scales have typically been based on conventional techniques such as factor analysis, without simultaneously considering the removal of culturally biased items that show differential item functioning (DIF). The authors recently showed that eight items in the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)(More)
This is a study of the illness behaviour of 100 Chinese psychiatric patients referred consecutively to the psychiatric unit of a general hospital in Singapore. More women than men felt that their illness was due to spirit possession; but belief in possession was not related to educational status. Thirty-six patients or their relatives had consulted a(More)
Pathologic skin picking (PSP), previously known as neurotic excoriation, is characterised by habitual and repetitive self-excoriation of skin. Affecting mainly women with onset in the 20s and 30s, it can lead to significant distress, dysfunction and disfigurement. The extent and degree of self-excoriation is reported to be proportional to the distortion of(More)