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In this first paper in a series of four papers on midwifery, we aimed to examine, comprehensively and systematically, the contribution midwifery can make to the quality of care of women and infants globally, and the role of midwives and others in providing midwifery care. Drawing on international definitions and current practice, we mapped the scope of(More)
AIM This paper discusses the purpose and stages of meta-synthesis and the epistemological status of knowledge generated from the technique. Particular attention is paid to exploring the contested areas of the method that remain. BACKGROUND There is a growing interest in meta-synthesis as a technique for generating new insights and understanding from(More)
BACKGROUND In high-resource settings around 20% of maternal deaths are attributed to women who fail to receive adequate antenatal care. Epidemiological evidence suggests many of these women belong to marginalised groups often living in areas of relative deprivation. Reasons for inadequate antenatal attendance have yet to be fully evaluated. OBJECTIVES To(More)
BACKGROUND Alternative institutional settings have been established for the care of pregnant women who prefer little or no medical intervention. The settings may offer care throughout pregnancy and birth, or only during labour; they may be part of hospitals or freestanding entities. Specially designed labour rooms include bedroom-like rooms, ambient rooms,(More)
BACKGROUND Almost 50% of women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) don't receive adequate antenatal care. Women's views can offer important insights into this problem. Qualitative studies exploring inadequate use of antenatal services have been undertaken in a range of countries, but the findings are not easily transferable. We aimed to inform the(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the lived experience of, and personal meanings attributed to, a traumatic birth. STUDY DESIGN An interpretive phenomenological approach was adopted for this study based on Heideggerian and Gadamerian hermeneutics. The participants were 14 women who had experienced a self-defined traumatic birth. Data collection was undertaken through(More)
In the process of undertaking a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies of free-standing midwife-led units, the authors of this paper encountered a number of methodologically and epistemologically unresolved issues. One of these related to the assessment of the quality of qualitative research. In an iterative approach to scoping this issue, we identified(More)
BACKGROUND Home-like birth settings have been established in or near conventional labour wards for the care of pregnant women who prefer and require little or no medical intervention during labour and birth. OBJECTIVES Primary: to assess the effects of care in a home-like birth environment compared to care in a conventional labour ward. Secondary: to(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the experiences, knowledge and views of both parents and professionals regarding the consent process for perinatal postmortem. DESIGN Internet-based survey. SETTING Obstetricians, midwives and perinatal pathologists currently working in the UK. Parents who have experienced a stillbirth in the UK in the previous 10 years. SAMPLE(More)
OBJECTIVE To obtain the views of bereaved parents about their interactions with healthcare staff when their baby died just before or during labour. DESIGN Qualitative in-depth interview study, following an earlier national survey. All interviews took place during 2011, either face-to-face or on the telephone. Data analysis was informed by the constant(More)