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OBJECTIVE The number of people with metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide, and changes in socioenvironmental factors contribute to this increase. Therefore, investigation of changes in metabolic syndrome and its components in South Korea, where rapid socioenvironmental changes have occurred in recent years, would be foundational in setting up an(More)
CONTEXT Recent studies suggest an association between vitamin D activity and cardiometabolic risk. OBJECTIVE We investigated vitamin D status and its association with subclinical atherosclerosis in a population-based cohort study, the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging (KLoSHA). PARTICIPANTS Participants were 439 men and 561 women aged 65 yr(More)
OBJECTIVE Various cutoff levels of hemoglobin A(1c) (A1C) have been suggested to screen for diabetes, although more consensus about the best level, especially for different ethnicities, is required. We evaluated the usefulness of A1C levels when screening for undiagnosed diabetes and as a predictor of 6-year incident diabetes in a prospective,(More)
CONTEXT Several studies have evidenced the association between subclinical hyperthyroidism and cognitive impairment in the elderly. However, the effect of long-term TSH suppressive therapy on the cognitive function in elderly patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) is still unclear. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to investigate the effect of long-term(More)
PURPOSE To assess the relationship between computed tomographic (CT) indexes and histologically measured pancreatic fat in surgical specimens and to evaluate patients with impaired glucose metabolism in a clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study was institutional review board approved and informed consent was waived. The hospital(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the prevalence of sarcopenic obesity (SO) and its relationship with metabolic syndrome in a community-based elderly cohort in Korea. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this study, 287 men and 278 women aged 65 or older were recruited. Sarcopenia was defined as the appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) divided by height squared(More)
OBJECTIVE To add to the evidence on comparative long-term effects of insulin analog glargine versus human NPH insulin on the risk for cancer. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We identified cohorts of initiators of glargine and human NPH without an insulin prescription during the prior 19 months among patients covered by the Inovalon Medical Outcomes Research(More)
There is an apparent overlap between areas in the USA where the herbicide, atrazine (ATZ), is heavily used and obesity-prevalence maps of people with a BMI over 30. Given that herbicides act on photosystem II of the thylakoid membrane of chloroplasts, which have a functional structure similar to mitochondria, we investigated whether chronic exposure to low(More)
OBJECTIVE Vaspin is visceral adipose-tissue-derived adipokine, which has an insulin-sensitizing effect in obese type 2 diabetic rodent models. As adipokines may serve as a link between visceral adiposity and atherosclerosis, we investigated whether plasma vaspin concentrations were associated with the metabolic syndrome and coronary atherosclerosis. (More)
Adiponectin is produced predominantly by adipocytes and plays an important role in metabolic and cardiovascular homeostasis through its insulin-sensitizing actions and anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties. Recently, it has been observed that lower levels of adiponectin can substantially increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, metabolic(More)