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Despite increasing research on the relationships between acculturation and health, it is unclear whether (1) ethnic group variation occurs in acculturation-health relationships, (2) acculturation components vary differently in relationship to health, (3) biculturalism has beneficial effects on health and (4) multidimensional health relationships occur with(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by widespread alpha-synuclein pathology and neuronal loss, primarily of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Inflammation has been implicated in PD, and alpha-synuclein can initiate microglial activation; however, the kinetics and distribution of inflammatory responses to alpha-synuclein overexpression in vivo(More)
Insulin resistance is the primary cause responsible for type 2 diabetes. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) plays a negative role in insulin signaling and its inhibition improves insulin sensitivity. Metformin is a widely used insulin-sensitizing drug; however, the mechanism by which metformin acts is poorly understood. To gain insight into the role of(More)
Curcumin has been shown to exert a variety of beneficial human health effects. However, mechanisms by which curcumin acts are poorly understood. In this study, we report that curcumin activated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and increased glucose uptake in rat L6 myotubes. In addition, curcumin activated the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase(More)
Quercetin, an anti-oxidant flavonoid that is widely distributed in the plant kingdom, has been suggested to have chemopreventive effects on cancer cells, although the mechanism is not completely understood. In this study, we found that quercetin increased the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and downstream acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC)(More)
Few studies have evaluated interradicular anatomy for hard and soft tissue thickness. Because interradicular sites are common regions for mini-implant placement for orthodontic anchorage, the purpose of this study was to provide a guideline to indicate the best location for mini-implants as it relates to the thickness of cortical bone and soft tissue, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Examine variation in dietary practices and nutritional intakes of Korean Americans at different acculturation levels. DESIGN Cross-sectional mail survey. SUBJECTS/SETTING US national sample of 348 Korean Americans (46% of the Korean American sample to whom questionnaires were delivered). STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED Analysis of variance,(More)
Coenzyme Q10(CoQ10) is a known anti-adipogenic factor. However, the mechanism by which CoQ10 acts is unclear. In this study, we found that CoQ10 increased the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in 3T3-L1preadipocytes. CoQ10 induced an increase in cytoplasmic calcium concentrations, which is reflected by increased Fluo-3 intensity under(More)
The gene MT3-MMP (also known as MMP16) encodes the membrane type 3 matrix metalloproteinase, which is a member of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene family. Several MMPs are associated with migration in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the methylation status of the MT3-MMP promoter in CRC has not been reported. The methylation status and expression(More)
Metformin is a leading oral anti-diabetes mellitus medication and is known to stimulate GLUT4 translocation. However, the mechanism by which metformin acts is still largely unknown. Here, we showed that short time treatment with metformin rapidly increased phosphorylation of Cbl in an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-dependent fashion in 3T3-L1(More)