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Protein phosphorylation is estimated to affect 30% of the proteome and is a major regulatory mechanism that controls many basic cellular processes. Until recently, our biochemical understanding of protein phosphorylation on a global scale has been extremely limited; only one half of the yeast kinases have known in vivo substrates and the phosphorylating(More)
BACKGROUND Vortioxetine was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in September 2013 for treating major depressive disorder (MDD). Thus far, a number of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of vortioxetine have been conducted in patients with MDD. We performed a meta-analysis to increase the statistical power(More)
The brain is an organ predisposed to oxidative/nitrosative stress. This is especially true in the case of aging as well as several neurodegenerative diseases. Under such circumstances, a decline in the normal antioxidant defense mechanisms leads to an increase in the vulnerability of the brain to the deleterious effects of oxidative damage. Highly reactive(More)
The mechanism of action of lamotrigine depends on voltage-sensitive sodium channels by which the neuronal membrane is stabilized and the release of excitatory neurotransmitters, such as glutamate and aspartate, is inhibited. Lamotrigine is indicated for maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder to delay the time to the occurrence of mood episodes for(More)
Membrane phospholipid abnormalities have been proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of mood disorders, and in signal transduction and neurotransmitter uptake. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is not only an essential enzyme in the metabolism of fatty acids but also in signaling process. Therefore, we examined the association between the BanI(More)
This study aimed to test the association of the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene with schizophrenia in the Korean population. 334 patients with schizophrenia and 391 healthy volunteers were included. Intron 1 VNTR polymorphism of TH gene was genotyped using polymerase chain reaction techniques. The genotype and allele distribution between patients and(More)
We conducted a case-control association study of the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1) gene -2518 polymorphism in 90 patients with major depressive disorder. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction methods. We found significant differences in genotype and allele frequencies. The present study suggests that this polymorphism may confer(More)
This study evaluated the overall effectiveness and tolerability of adjunctive quetiapine as a continuation therapy for the long-term treatment of bipolar mania. Twenty-three patients were enrolled in this study and received quetiapine add-on treatment in combination with their existing or new mood stabilizers. The clinical assessment was carried out using(More)
This study evaluated the overall efficacy and tolerability of quetiapine in the treatment of inpatients with acute mania who are intolerant to risperidone in combination with a mood stabilizer. Eighteen patients completed this 3-week trial. The efficacy and tolerability was assessed upon admission, at baseline, and 1 and 3 weeks later. The Young mania(More)
Many tumorigenic processes affect cell-cycle progression by their effects on the levels of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) [1,2]. The phosphorylation- and ubiquitination-dependent proteolysis of p27 is implicated in control of the G1-S transition in the cell cycle [3-6]. To determine the factors that control p27 stability, we established a(More)