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Protein phosphorylation is estimated to affect 30% of the proteome and is a major regulatory mechanism that controls many basic cellular processes. Until recently, our biochemical understanding of protein phosphorylation on a global scale has been extremely limited; only one half of the yeast kinases have known in vivo substrates and the phosphorylating(More)
BACKGROUND Vortioxetine was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in September 2013 for treating major depressive disorder (MDD). Thus far, a number of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of vortioxetine have been conducted in patients with MDD. We performed a meta-analysis to increase the statistical power(More)
The brain is an organ predisposed to oxidative/nitrosative stress. This is especially true in the case of aging as well as several neurodegenerative diseases. Under such circumstances, a decline in the normal antioxidant defense mechanisms leads to an increase in the vulnerability of the brain to the deleterious effects of oxidative damage. Highly reactive(More)
The mechanism of action of lamotrigine depends on voltage-sensitive sodium channels by which the neuronal membrane is stabilized and the release of excitatory neurotransmitters, such as glutamate and aspartate, is inhibited. Lamotrigine is indicated for maintenance treatment of bipolar I disorder to delay the time to the occurrence of mood episodes for(More)
Ovarian serous carcinoma is a highly aggressive neoplastic disease in women. Our previous studies have demonstrated Notch3 gene amplification and upregulation in many ovarian serous carcinomas and Notch pathway activity contributed to drug resistance. Among different Notch3 ligands, Jagged1 is most dominant in ovarian cancer, and Notch3 pathway activity(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rad53 is a protein kinase central to the DNA damage and DNA replication checkpoint signaling pathways. In addition to its catalytic domain, Rad53 contains two forkhead homology-associated (FHA) domains (FHA1 and FHA2), which are phosphopeptide binding domains. The Rad53 FHA domains are proposed to mediate the interaction of Rad53(More)
Budding yeast Rad53 is an essential protein kinase that is phosphorylated and activated in a MEC1- and TEL1-dependent manner in response to DNA damage. We studied the role of Rad53 phosphorylation through mutation of consensus phosphorylation sites for upstream kinases Mec1 and Tel1. Alanine substitution of the Rad53 amino-terminal TQ cluster region reduced(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS This study investigated the expression of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and the chemokine receptor (CXCR4) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who received rituximab-based therapy. METHODS Seventy patients with DLBCL and treated with rituximab-CHOP (R-CHOP) were included, and immunohistochemistry was performed to determine(More)
Membrane phospholipid abnormalities have been proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of mood disorders, and in signal transduction and neurotransmitter uptake. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is not only an essential enzyme in the metabolism of fatty acids but also in signaling process. Therefore, we examined the association between the BanI(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs), mostly P3, were measured in 20 schizophrenia and 20 healthy control subjects, in order to determine whether patients with schizophrenia have greater impairment in the processing of negative emotions. Study subjects were instructed to feel and respond to rare targets of facial photographs placed between frequent nontarget(More)