Learn More
Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
A 3-kb DNA segment of the Bacillus caldolyticus genome including the 5' end end of the pyr cluster has been cloned and sequenced. The sequence revealed the presence of two open reading frames, pyrR and pyrP, located immediately upstream of the previously sequenced pyrB gene encoding the pyrimidine biosynthesis enzyme aspartate transcarbamoylase. The pyrR(More)
A transcriptional attenuation mechanism for the regulation of pyr operon expression in Bacillus subtilis in which the PyrR regulatory protein binds pyr mRNA at three sites with similar sequences to cause transcription termination in response to elevated pyrimidine nucleotide pools has been proposed (R. J. Turner, Y. Lu, and R. L. Switzer, J. Bacteriol.(More)
The genes encoding the six pyrimidine biosynthesis enzymes from the thermophile Bacillus caldolyticus were characterized by cloning and complementation in Escherichia coli, and by nucleotide sequence analysis. Nine cistrons are clustered within an 11 kb region of the chromosome, the gene order being: orf1-pyrB-pyrC-pyrAa-pyrAb-orf2-p yrD-pyrF-pyrE. This(More)
The 5' end of the Enterococcus faecalis pyr operon specifies, in order, the promoter, a 5' untranslated leader, the pyrR gene encoding the regulatory protein for the operon, a 39-nucleotide (nt) intercistronic region, the pyrP gene encoding a uracil permease, a 13-nt intercistronic region, and the pyrB gene encoding aspartate transcarbamylase. The 5' leader(More)
As part of the Bacillus subtilis genome sequencing project, we determined the complete nucleotide sequence of an 8000-bp fragment downstream of the sspC gene (184 degrees) of the B. subtilis 168 chromosome. The sequence analysis shows that the sspC gene is located inside of the SP beta region, which differs from the current genetic map of B. subtilis 168.(More)
The pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic (pyr) operon in Bacillus subtilis is regulated by a transcriptional attenuation mechanism in which PyrR, a bifunctional pyr RNA-binding attenuation protein/uracil phosphoribosyltransferase, plays a crucial role. A convenient procedure for isolation of pyrR mutants with defects in the regulation of pyr operon expression(More)
The nucleotide sequence of 45,389 bp in the 184 degrees-180 degrees region of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome, containing the cge cluster, which is controlled by the sporulation regulatory protein GerE, was determined. Fifty-four putative ORFs with putative ribosome-binding sites were recognized. Seven of them correspond to previously characterized genes:(More)