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A novel siRNA delivery system based on polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) micelles was introduced in this study. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) siRNA was conjugated to poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) via a disulfide linkage (siRNA-PEG). The siRNA-PEG conjugate could form PEC micelles by interacting with cationic polyethylenimine (PEI) as a core forming(More)
Atmospheric pollution increases cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality by unexplained mechanisms. Phagocytosis of fine particles (PM(10)) by rabbit alveolar macrophages elevates white blood cells (WBC) by releasing precursors from the bone marrow and this could contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiopulmonary disease. The present study examined the(More)
An innovative polymer lab-on-a-chip (LOC) for reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been designed, fabricated, and characterized for point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics. In addition, a portable analyzer that consists of a non-contact infrared (IR) based temperature control system for RT-PCR process and an optical(More)
Patients with hematologic malignancies who relapse after their first hematopoietic stem cell transplantation tend to have poor prognoses. One option for these patients is a second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). However, there are few reports of second allo-HSCT therapy in children with relapsed hematologic malignancies.(More)
Ghrelin is a GH-releasing acylated peptide found in the stomach and a centrally acting food intake stimulator. Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder characterized by a voracious appetite and increased fasting ghrelin levels. In this report we describe 24-h ghrelin profiles in PWS children (n = 5) and compare these with age, sex, and body mass(More)
Through this study, we aimed to validate several biomarkers that have been known to possibly predict the outcomes of the trastuzumab and paclitaxel (TP). Human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients who had been treated with TP in single institute from 2006 to 2009 were included in this study. For procured formalin(More)
Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is a cytoplasmic enzyme involved in the metabolism of thiopurine drugs and its activity is largely influenced by polymorphisms of the TPMT gene. To date, more than 35 TPMT variants are known to be associated with reduced enzyme activity, but most studies on the TPMT genotype have included only common nonfunctional(More)
Masseter muscle hypertrophy has been treated for cosmetic purposes using several modalities, including injection of type A or type B botulinum toxin into the masseter muscle. In this report, we compared the efficacy and safety of abobotulinum toxin A with onabotulinum toxin A treatment for masseteric hypertrophy in 25 Korean patients with a conversion(More)
BACKGROUND Some strains of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) elicit induced systemic resistance (ISR) by emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) including short chain alcohols, acetoin, and 2,3-butanediol. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether species-specific VOCs from PGPR strain Paenibacillus polymyxa E681 can promote growth(More)
PURPOSE Cisplatin-based chemotherapy has been commonly used for the treatment of intracranial germ cell tumors (IC-GCTs). However, this treatment exhibits some adverse effects such as renal problems and hearing difficulty. Carboplatin-based chemotherapy was administered to pediatric patients with IC-GCTs from August 2004 at the Samsung Medical Center. In(More)