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Kynurenic acid (KYNA), a tryptophan metabolite in the kynurenine pathway, is protective against various insults. However, the molecular mechanism of this protective effect has not been identified. In this study, we examined the protective effects of KYNA against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)), the best-characterized toxin inducing pathological changes(More)
In this study, the antiobesity effects of baicalin, 5,6-dihydroxyflavone-7-glucuronic acid, were characterized using an in vitro system of adipogenesis, i.e. fat cell formation. Baicalin-treatment of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes was shown to inhibit triglyceride accumulation and lipid droplet formation during induced adipogenesis. Microarray analyses showed that(More)
FK506 binding protein 12 (FK506BP) belongs to a family of immunophilins, and is involved in multiple biological processes. However, the function of FK506BP in corneal disease remains unclear. In this study, we examined the protective effects on dry eye disease in a Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) induced mouse model, using a cell-permeable PEP-1-FK506BP protein.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the attitudes of Korean physicians toward hormone therapy (HT) after publication of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study. DESIGN Self-administered questionnaires, consisting of 22 items, were sent by mail to the members of the Korean Society of Menopause. RESULTS More than 95% of Korean physicians were aware of the WHI study.(More)
UNLABELLED Light-activated tooth bleaching with a high hydrogen peroxide (HP; H2O2) concentration has risks and the actual role of the light source is doubtful. The use of conventional light might result in an increase in the temperature and cause thermal damage to the health of the tooth tissue. OBJECTIVE This study investigated the efficacy of tooth(More)
An efficient measure of the concrete block structure inspection is needed with the increasing demand for concrete blocks. Cracks in the surface of RC member's can be used as a useful measure of quake-proofness of a construction or material fatigue. Specialists used to observe the cracks and experimentally inspect the structures, while applying destructive(More)
The present study demonstrates the impact of specific breed on the characteristics of dry-cured ham. Eighty thighs from Korean native pig (KNP), crossbreed (Landrace×Yorkshire)♀×Duroc♂ (LYD), Berkshire (Ber), and Duroc (Du) pig breeds (n = 10 for each breed) were used for processing of dry-cured ham. The thighs were salted with 6% NaCl (w/w) and 100 ppm(More)
Basic information regarding the yield and nutritional composition of edible pork by-products, namely heart, liver, lung, stomach, spleen, uterus, pancreas, and small and large intestines, was studied. Our results revealed that the yields varied widely among the pork by-products examined; in particular, liver had the highest yield (1.35%); whereas, spleen(More)
We report a new series of naphthoquinone derivatives as potent ACAT inhibitors, which were obtained through structural variations of previously disclosed lead 1. Several analogs represented by 3i-l, 4k-m, 6a-n, 7a, and 7i demonstrated potent human macrophage ACAT inhibitory activity by a cell-based reporter assay with human HepG2 cell lines. In particular,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the platelet distribution width (PDW) and other platelet indices as potential severity markers of preeclampsia (PE). STUDY DESIGN A total of 935 pregnant women who had received continuous prenatal care and had undergone delivery were included. The participants were classified into 3 groups: healthy pregnant women (n=816), pregnant(More)