Soo Hyuk Choi

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Foldamers, oligomers with strong folding propensities, are subjects of growing interest because such compounds offer unique scaffolds for the development of molecular function. We report two new foldamer classes, oligopeptides with regular 1:2 or 2:1 patterns of alpha- and beta-amino acid residues. Two distinct helical conformations are detected via 2D NMR(More)
Design of functional foldamers requires knowledge of the conformational propensities of constituent residues. Here, we explore the effects of variations in both alpha-amino acid and beta-amino acid substitution on alpha/beta-peptide helicity. We also report the first X-ray crystal structure of a helical alpha/beta-peptide. We conclude that a certain amount(More)
Inhibition of sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) deacetylase mediates protective effects in cell and invertebrate models of Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease (HD). Here we report the in vivo efficacy of a brain-permeable SIRT2 inhibitor in two genetic mouse models of HD. Compound treatment resulted in improved motor function, extended survival, and reduced brain(More)
We report the first high-resolution structural data for the beta/gamma-peptide 13-helix (i,i+3 C=O...H-N H-bonds), a secondary structure that is formed by oligomers with a 1:1 alternation of beta- and gamma-amino acid residues. Our characterization includes both crystallographic and 2D NMR data. Previous studies suggested that beta/gamma-peptides(More)
Single-conformation infrared spectra in the amide I and amide II regions have been recorded for a total of 34 conformations of three α-peptides, three β-peptides, four α/β-peptides, and one γ-peptide using resonant ion-dip infrared spectroscopy of the jet-cooled, isolated molecules. Assignments based on the amide NH stretch region were in hand, with the(More)
Inhibition of sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is known to be protective against the toxicity of disease proteins in Parkinson's and Huntington's models of neurodegeneration. Previously, we developed SIRT2 inhibitors based on the 3-(N-arylsulfamoyl)benzamide scaffold, including3-(N-(4-bromophenyl)sulfamoyl)-N-(4-bromophenyl)benzamide(C2-8, 1a), which demonstrated(More)
Oligomers that contain both alpha- and beta-amino acid residues in a 1:1 alternating pattern have recently been shown by several groups to adopt helical secondary structures in solution. The beta-residue substitution pattern has a profound effect on the type of helix formed and the stability of the helical conformation. On the basis of two-dimensional NMR(More)
The conformational preferences and infrared and ultraviolet spectral signatures of two model beta-peptides, Ac-beta3-hPhe-NHMe (1) and Ac-beta3-hTyr-NHMe (2), have been explored under jet-cooled, isolated molecule conditions. The mass-resolved, resonant two-photon ionization spectra of the two molecules were recorded in the region of the S0-S1 origin of the(More)
Oligomers containing both alpha- and beta-amino acid residues ("alpha/beta-peptides") are intriguing as potential foldamers. A large set of alpha/beta-peptide backbones can be generated by combining alpha- and beta-amino acid residues in different patterns; however, most research to date has focused on the simplest pattern, 1:1 alpha:beta. We have begun to(More)